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Kingdom of Lesotho: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, Prioritization, and Cost Matrix

International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
April 2006
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4.1 Increase access to transport.4.1.1 Provide a conducive legislative, policy and institutional framework for the development of the road sector. Review the road legislation - clarify the responsibilities of all institutions involved in road construction and maintenance200,0000200,000 Review the transport policy - attract private transport operators to rural areas.84,0000084,000
4.1.2 Increase road access. Construct, rehabilitate and maintain roads linking rural communities to basic services.225,000,000225,000,000225,000,000675,000,000Construct rural roads Train local communities in roads construction and maintenance to ensure sustainability of rural roads infrastructure.4,000,0004,000,0008,000,000Conduct training workshops for small local contractors Construct foot bridges and river crossings in the rural areas.7,999,9927,999,9927,999,99223,999,976Construct footbridges
613,010415,60010,3901,039,000Provide river boats where necessary
4.1.3 Connect the major towns of Lesotho, as well as areas of strategic economic importance. Conduct feasibility studies to determine duration and cost of constructing roads in the highlands as well as EIA studies.33,750,0000033,750,000Connect the major towns of Lesotho, as well as areas of strategic economic importance. Undertake routine maintenance of national trunk roads and connect paved road trunks only where it is considered necessary.84,4000084,400Undertake annual needs assessment studies for comprehensive road maintenance plan
69,169,84369,169,84569,169,843207,509,531Prioritise needs and carry out road maintenance
4.2. Increase access to water4.2.1. Monitor, refine and formulate policies and legislation. Monitor implementation of Water Management Policy and Industrial Wastewater Management Policy.50,0000050,000 Formulate Resettlement Policy, Sanitation Policy, Water Pricing Policy, Water Resources Development Policy and Water Conservation Policy.50,0000050,000 Revise and enact Water and Sanitation Bill to bring Water Resources Act (1978) in line with new international agreements.62,4250062425 Amend Water and Sewerage Authority Order (1992) to support current policies. Promulgate amendment to the law to require regulator to annually review and publish tariffs indexed to the Consumer Price Index and ensure the poor are protected through stepped tariffs.500,000500,000 Improve capacity to regulate and enforce water sector legislation. Provide adequate training facilities and resources of DWA.
4.2.2 Improve institutional capacity to assess and monitor water resources. Provide intensive training and equipment to DWA to improve data collection, analysis, review, processing and archiving in the fields of hydrology, hydrogeology and water quality.03,533,52003,533,520Conduct ground water assessment, data analysis and monitoring
2,647,3032,755,35705,402,660Conduct surface water gauging and data analysis Take an inventory of water resources data in terms of temporal and spatial distribution. Update and maintain rural water supply data base on existing water supply systems.3,533,520003,533,520 Conduct study on the feasibility of separating water supply and distribution functions in Lesotho and amend WASA Order in line with findings.500,00000500,000
4.2.3 Improve water storage, delivery and distribution. Complete the Lesotho Lowlands Water Supply Feasibility Study and proceed to detailed design of prioritised options, and fast tracking where possible (e.g. Butha Buthe, Mohale’s Hoek)10,000,0000010,000,000 Complete the EIA and detailed design of Metolong Dam and proceed with first phase of construction.1,200,0000012,000,000 Augment Maseru Water Supply System by raising Maqalika wall dam and complete upgrading of Maseru water treatment works.10,989,00015,873,00013,838,00040,700,000 Carry out detailed design and start implement Pilot Programme of Maseru Consensus Building. Implement WASA Peri-Urban Water Project Phase II.0000 Complete the detailed design and commence construction of the Six Towns Water Supply and Sanitation project.33,200,00016,400,00066,400,000166,000,000 Complete Feasibility Study of Five Towns Water Supply and Sanitation project and procure consultants for detailed design stage.13,448,75030,740,00019,852,91964,041,673 Extend rural water supplies to unserved areas.3,000,0006,000,00010,000,00019,000,000 Rehabilitate and expand existing rural water supply schemes in areas that will not be covered by the Lowlands Scheme.3,000,0008,000,00013,000,00024,000,000 maintain flexible in standards and service levels according to communities’ demand for water and their ability to pay
4.2.4 Improve water conservation and management4.2.4.1 Demonstrate, promote and implement better water recycling of industrial water. Conduct feasibility study to quantify and determine best options to minimise water loss management.
4.2.5 Strengthen community capacity to manage rural water schemes. Train local government structures and water committees1,650,0002,500,0004,000,0008,150,000
4.3 Increase access to sanitation4.3.1 Improve water-borne sewerage systems in Maseru4.3.1.1 Refurbish and expand the Maseru waste water treatment plant.79,500,0000079,5000,000 Expand the Ratjomose sewage treatment plant and other sewage systems Expand reticulated sewerage network in Maseru.35,168,0000035,168,000Construct district boreholes, reticulation network and standpipes Re-examine mechanisms to assist low income dry sanitation (VIP). Facilitate the provision of public toilets. Encourage good sanitary practices Advocate and mobilise resources for building VIP latrines for households and schools.
4.4 Improve access to communication and mass media4.4.1. Develop a universal access policy. Attract the private sector to provide communication and media infrastructure and services, with special emphasis in the rural areas.328,05000328,050Expand postal network
18,000,00022,000,000040,000,000Construct minimum of three post office per annum
218,70000218,700Expedite development of media and postal reform policies
109,35000109,350Organise workshops to solicit inputs from service providers
15,49415,0381503845,570Training for members of newly established ICT department
4.5 Improve access to clean and affordable energy supplies.4.5.1 Develop and implement a National Rural Electrification Programme aimed at universal access to electricity services. Develop a Rural Electrification Master Plan. Identify economically productive/ business centres in the rural areas for electrification. Implement the access to electricity pilot projects and projects emanating from the Rural Electrification Master Plan. Establish the National Rural Electrification Fund (NREF) and mobilize funding for (to be used on a revolving basis).207,21300207,213Formulate TOR for development of a detail and long term NREF
11,995,13122,002,27422,002,27455,999,679Mobilise funding for NREF Expand rural electrification and increase the percentage of households with access to electricity Connect applicants in a timely manner and reduce the existing backlog of applicants by 2004. Develop a delivery models and financing mechanisms for renewable energy technologies.
4.5.2 Introduce appropriate reform measures into the power sector, and develop institutional capacities and responsibilities for future electrification, and energy service delivery in rural areas. Strengthen the capacity of the newly established Lesotho Electricity Authority (LEA). Establish a rural electrification Unit/Agency to facilitate, coordinate and manage rural electrification.41,0823,000,1803,000,1806,041,442Formulate TOR and establish Unit/Agency Complete privatisation of LEC under the Interim Management Task Force (IMTF) in order to speed up the process in setting up a Public Concession model.207,21300207,213Identify areas for local private sector participation in energy sector Complete the financial restructuring of the ‘Muela Hydropower Plant.999,9817,23201,007,213Prepare legal framework for establishment of MHP Develop a training plan for capacity building of electricity institutions, and their stakeholders.40,027351,986351,986743,999Identify and training stakeholders - DOE, PFB, LEA, and NREF Study the potential social impacts of sector reform (including tariff adjustments) and determine the most effective measures to include the poor in new programmes and protect them from adverse adjustments.
4.5.3. Improve the availability of commercial fuels in the rural areas. Review the strategic stock levels and assess the availability of petroleum products throughout the country. Ensure an efficient fuel distribution system for private consumption. Review legislation on petroleum products importation in the country.
4.6. Ensure planned settlement of peri-urban areas and affordable access to housing4.6.1 Ensure adequate provision for the land tenure need of peri-urban areas. Streamline land application and allocation procedures and make land more accessible to the poor. Ensure harmony between Local Government Act and the Land Act. Train the new structures responsible for land allocation under the new Land Act. Monitor implementation.
4.6.2 Improve planning of settlements4.6.2.1 Review and update the National Settlement Policy. Develop regional, town and village plans including National Housing Database. Implement the National Shelter Policy. Establish a National Housing Authority to regulate housing developments.

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