Information about Sub-Saharan Africa África subsahariana
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Kingdom of Lesotho: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, Prioritization, and Cost Matrix

International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
April 2006
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Information about Sub-Saharan Africa África subsahariana
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3.1 Deepen Democracy3.1.1 Promote national unity as an absolutely necessary condition for socio- economic development. Hold community campaigns to foster the love for the country and unity in all things that are for the good of the nation.31 Establish conflict management structures to solve disputes in the various levels e.g. community level.
3.1.2 Establish Civic Education Programmes (CEP). Support NGOs to carry out training on human rights campaign.42 Sensitise the public through media campaigns on constitutional rights.
3.1.3 Devise mechanisms to give feed back to the public for monitoring and accountability. Launch a campaign to reach vulnerable and marginalised households on how Government plans to reach them through PRS activities.53
3.1.4 Maintain capacity of Independent Electoral Commission (IEC). Carry out training to build capacity of IEC members.54
3.2 Improve National Governance3.2.1 Improve legislative efficiency of Parliament.- Principles of transparency, accountability and contestability. Establish standing parliamentary committees e.g. Sector/ Issues Committees.31 Train standing committee members on the various issues to improve their efficiency and effectiveness. Strengthen the capacity of the Law Office (Legal Drafting Section) and the various ministries to speed up the preparation of draft legislation. Review procedures for enacting legislation to accelerate the process and train personnel on speedy passing of legislation.
3.2.2. Strengthen Directorate Corruption and Economic Offences (DCEO) and facilitate its autonomy. Review the legal instruments for effectively combating corruption32 Increase and train anti- corruption personnel. Hold public forums on corruption and devise information on corruption alert mechanisms. Intensify implementation of anti- corruption mechanisms and laws. Train the Law Enforcement Agency (LEA) and other service providers to enhance their professional conduct and improve service delivery.
3.3 Improve local governance3.3.1 Create and strengthen structures for the participation of the public in governance. Implement the Local Government Act. 1996.21 Develop a policy on decentralisation - key elements being devolution, promotion of good governance, political and administrate control, freedom from central constraints and improvement of financial systems. Develop guiding principles of decentralisation to set clear rules and regulations for the distribution of powers between modern and traditional leadership. Train district planning units and local authorities’ staff in participatory and strategic planning methodologies. Decentralise the current labour dispute resolutions and prevention mechanisms to all the districts, to improve dispute prevention and settlement at source. Identify infrastructural needs of the local communities. Supply infrastructural facilities and equipment are adequate to meet the requirements of decentralisation.
3.3.2 Establish financial structures and build capacity for decentralisation. Devise the means and ways of decentralising budgeting, financing of local authorities and financial administration.32 Train local authorities on financial management
3.4 Strengthen human rights3.4.1 Develop guidelines to ensure an appropriate balance between the respective rights of criminal suspects and of the victims of crime. Provide guidelines for balancing the respective rights of criminal suspects and victims of crime in the eyes of the law.21 Review relevant sections of the Constitution and existing legislation in order to determine appropriate amendments to give practical effect to the guidelines; Undertake advocacy programmes to inculcate a culture of respect for the rights of victims of crime, abuse of power and violations of human rights; Provide medical treatment, counselling, support and care to the victims of crime such as rape and attempted murder.
3.5 Increase safety and security3.5.1 Strengthen crime prevention and reduce the existing high crime rate. Reform and restructure management of security institutions and expand community policing, equipped with communication facilities e.g. two way radios.11 Create specialised high level response units for riot control and the protection of women and children Identify strategic areas that require police stations and provide police facilities in those areas. Provide new and existing police stations with basic communication and transport facilities and utilities, such as water and electricity. Expand livestock registration and marking to curb the high rate of livestock theft. Sensitise communities along the borders about cross border crime and stock theft. Establish and train military units, which will be readily available to assist Lesotho Mounted Police Service (LMPS) whenever the need arises. Build military bases in high stock theft areas. Increase the number of patrolling posts along the borders.
3.6 Improve the efficiency of the justice system and the commercial court3.6.1 Improve Case Management3.6.1.1 Develop case management policy33 Implement the Speedy Trial Bill. Train police on proper compilation of dockets and effective transfer of dockets to the prosecution office. Improve existing registers for movement of dockets. Develop an effective case tracking system that is transparent to all key stakeholders. Reduce the backlog of cases Organise motivational and staff development activities to improve working conditions and curb the high rate of staff turnover.
3.6.2 Improve functioning of the commercial court3.6.2.1 Separate the administrative functions of the commercial court from the high court.31 Train the judiciary - lawyers and judges - on handling commercial cases for successful operation of the commercial court. Speed up commercial cases e.g. non-repayment of loans in commercial court. Establish a small claim court.
3.6.3 Improve access to justice by vulnerable groups3.6.3.1 Revise the current Legal Aid Act.32 Increase trained personnel within Legal Aid office to facilitate access to justice system to vulnerable groups and explore the possibility of opening offices in the districts. Draft legislation to provide legal protection to vulnerable groups including persons with disabilities, children, and people living with HIV and AIDS. Train Legal Aid, NGO staff and community based paralegal staff on the rights of the vulnerable groups. (i.e. the aged, children and people with disabilities) Establish children, juvenile and family courts which offer child friendly environment. Sensitise the community on the rights and responsibilities of vulnerable groups.
3.7.3 Establish a restorative justice and rehabilitation system. Establish an inclusive task force to define restorative justice in the Lesotho context based on traditional justice system, in line with global human rights culture, and prepare guidelines thereon.31 Train and orientate legal practitioners, service providers and all key stakeholders on restorative justice for its effective implementation. Set up community based structures for restorative justice. Initially for children and youths. Reconstruct and improve the central prison, and two more open camp prisons. Implement post sentence alternative measures to custody, parole and release of eligible inmates on parole where possible. Train inmates to provide them with functional literacy and numeracy, as well as vocational skills to reduce recidivism.

1=HIGHEST RANK, 12=LOWEST RANK, RANK 1-4=dark grey, RANK 5-8=light grey, RANK 9-12=no colour

1=HIGHEST RANK, 12=LOWEST RANK, RANK 1-4=dark grey, RANK 5-8=light grey, RANK 9-12=no colour

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