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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis1

Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis1 »

Source: Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2017/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashraf Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475595802

Keywords: Financial crisis, Financial stability, Governance, Central banking, law, financial supervision, independence, autonomy, monetary policy, International Relations and International Political Economy: General

Drawing on the 2016 update of the IMF's Central Bank Legislation Database, this paper examines differences in central bank legal frameworks before and after the Global Financial Crisis. Examples from select countri...

Chapter 6. Global and Regional Spillovers to Pacific Island Countries

Chapter 6. Global and Regional Spillovers to Pacific Island Countries »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

The Pacific island countries (PICs) have been integrating economically with Australia, New Zealand, and Asia’s emerging market economies over the last two decades, creating big economic opportunities for the...

Chapter 13. Global Commodity Prices, Monetary Transmission, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through

Chapter 13. Global Commodity Prices, Monetary Transmission, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable to commodity price shocks and this poses challenges for monetary policy. The spike in global commodity prices in 2007–08 led to a rise in headline inflation, wh...

Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2016 : Subdued Demand: Symptoms and Remedies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513599540

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, International trade, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Discriminatory trade practices, International trade agreements, Trade, Trade liberalization, Trade policy, Global trade, Restraint of trade

Recent Developments and Prospects The forces shaping the global outlook—both those operating over the short term and those operating over the long term—point to subdued growth for 20...

Chapter 7. Major Economic Shocks and Pacific Island Countries during the Global Economic Crisis

Chapter 7. Major Economic Shocks and Pacific Island Countries during the Global Economic Crisis »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Small island states are vulnerable to external shocks and generally experience greater instability in exports and agricultural production than other developing economies. 1 Pacifi...

Chapter 16. Pacific Island Countries: Trade Integration in a Changing Global Economy

Chapter 16. Pacific Island Countries: Trade Integration in a Changing Global Economy »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Trade integration is widely considered to be essential for economic development and prosperity in Pacific island countries (PICs). 1 This thinking is not without theoretical or em...

4. Confronting the Ongoing Global Crisis

4. Confronting the Ongoing Global Crisis »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2013 : Promoting a More Secure and Stable Global Economy

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2013

ISBN: 9781475515398

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, debt relief, public debt, capital flows

Managing Director’s Global Policy Agenda In October 2012, the Managing...

Finances, Organization, and Accountability

Finances, Organization, and Accountability »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2015 : Tackling Challenges Together

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2015

ISBN: 9781475544886

Keywords: debt, imf, tax, interest, investment

In FY2015, the IMF operated within an unchanged budget envelope in real terms. This was the third year in row. Greater utilization and reallocation of the budget enabled the IMF to meet new demands. The IMF’...

Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality1

Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality1 »

Source: Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2017/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santiago Acosta Ormaechea , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Carolina Correa-Caro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2017

ISBN: 9781484303689

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Synthetic Control Method, Structural Reform, General, Comparative Studies of Countries

We estimate the effects on growth of nine fiscal reform episodes in seven high-income countries using the Synthetic Control Method. These episodes are selected using an indicator-based approach applied to the evalu...