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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

12 Boats Against the Current: Coping with a Global Tide

12 Boats Against the Current: Coping with a Global Tide »

Source: Tearing Down Walls : The International Monetary Fund 1990-1999

Series: Books

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2012

ISBN: 9781616350840

So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past. F. Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby 1925 The East Asian c...

Chapter 4. CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE GLOBAL ECONOMY

Chapter 4. CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE GLOBAL ECONOMY »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067196

Keywords: commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

Climate change is a potentially catastrophic global externality and one of the world’s greatest collective action problems. The distribution of causes and effects is highly uneven across countries and across...

Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2016 : Subdued Demand: Symptoms and Remedies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513599540

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, International trade, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Discriminatory trade practices, International trade agreements, Trade, Trade liberalization, Trade policy, Global trade, Restraint of trade

Recent Developments and Prospects The forces shaping the global outlook—both those operating over the short term and those operating over the long term—point to subdued growth for 20...

Chapter 5. GLOBALIZATION, COMMODITY PRICES, AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Chapter 5. GLOBALIZATION, COMMODITY PRICES, AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067196

Keywords: commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

Over the past couple of decades, and in particular over the past few years, many developing and emerging economies have become steadily more integrated into the world economy. International trade, in both ma...

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Poor Countries

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Poor Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

The Committee urges all those with a stake in the HIPC Initiative to work for faster and effective implementation, and to give the HIPC process the highest priority so that as many countries as...

Chapter 2. Sustaining Growth in the East African Community

Chapter 2. Sustaining Growth in the East African Community »

Source: The Quest for Regional Integration in the East African Community

Series: Books

Author(s): Paulo Drummond , S. Wajid , and Oral Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 January 2015

ISBN: 9781484364413

Keywords: exchange, exchange rate, monetary policy, growth, markets

The Growth Record In the midst of sub-Saharan Africa’s best decade of economic growth since at least the 1970s, the East African Community (EAC) is among the fastest-growing regions....

Chapter 5 The Changing Dynamics of the Global Business Cycle

Chapter 5 The Changing Dynamics of the Global Business Cycle »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2007 : Globalization and Inequality

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066885

Keywords: capital inflows, globalization, private capital, output volatility, private capital flows

From 2004 to the present, the world economy has enjoyed its strongest period of sustained growth since the late 1960s and early 1970s, while inflation has remained at low levels. Not only has recent global g...

Coping with the Global Financial Crisis: Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Coping with the Global Financial Crisis: Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

This forthcoming title in the Departmental Paper Series describes the special challenges facing low-income countries as economic growth contracts by an estimated 1.1 percent globally. Coping with the Crisis: Challe...

Debt strategy: IMF emphasizes helping debtor countries achieve durable growth, reduce poverty

Debt strategy: IMF emphasizes helping debtor countries achieve durable growth, reduce poverty »

Source: IMF Survey Supplement 2001

Volume/Issue: 30/1

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451951103

Keywords: capital markets, international capital, member countries, international capital markets, balance of payments

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...