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10 Africa: Industrialization Strategy In the Context of Globalization

10 Africa: Industrialization Strategy In the Context of Globalization »

Source: Trade Reform and Regional Integration in Africa

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 1998

ISBN: 9781557757692

Keywords: trade liberalization, regional integration, trade reform, trade taxes, tariff rates

The crucial challenge facing policy makers in government and the multilateral agencies is that of framing a new industrial strategy for sub-Saharan Africa in the 21st century. Whatever its limit...

The Aggregate and Distributional Effects of Financial Globalization: Evidence from Macro and Sectoral Data1

The Aggregate and Distributional Effects of Financial Globalization: Evidence from Macro and Sectoral Data1 »

Source: The Aggregate and Distributional Effects of Financial Globalization: Evidence from Macro and Sectoral Data

Volume/Issue: 2018/83

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Prakash Loungani , and Jonathan Ostry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484350898

Keywords: Globalization, Inequality, Capital Account Openness, Crises, Institutions

We take a fresh look at the aggregate and distributional effects of policies to liberalize international capital flows-financial globalization. Both country- and industry-level results suggest that such policies ha...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

An Approach to the Estimation of Inequality in Reserve Distribution

An Approach to the Estimation of Inequality in Reserve Distribution »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 21 No. 3

Volume: XXI

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1974

ISBN: 9781451969344

...

Bank activity: Bank and IDA loans for urban impact projects in Indonesia, Greece, Ivory Coast, and India; education loans for Zambia, Afghanistan, and Paraguay; recent loans; global indicators and price forecasts of selected commodities

Bank activity: Bank and IDA loans for urban impact projects in Indonesia, Greece, Ivory Coast, and India; education loans for Zambia, Afghanistan, and Paraguay; recent loans; global indicators and price forecasts of selected commodities »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1977

Volume/Issue: 14/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1977

ISBN: 9781616353285

Keywords: gold, monetary fund, monetary reform, international liquidity, rural development

This paper highlights that 1976 was an important year for the IMF. With the end of 1976, the IMF closed its books on a year of virtually unprecedented activity. It launched the New Year with a US$3.9 billion stand-...

Broadening the Agenda for Poverty Reduction Opportunity, Empowerment, Security

Broadening the Agenda for Poverty Reduction Opportunity, Empowerment, Security »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2000

Volume/Issue: 37/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451951936

Keywords: monetary fund, central banking, banking, banking supervision

This paper describes the need to broaden the agenda for poverty reduction. The broadening of the agenda follows from a growing understanding that poverty is more than low income, a lack of education, and poor healt...

Cambodia: Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation and Fourth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

Cambodia: Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation and Fourth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility »

Source: Cambodia : Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation and Fourth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

Volume/Issue: 2002/36

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451821727

Keywords: debt, budget, debt service, external debt, interest

This paper assesses Cambodia's 2001 Article IV Consultation and Fourth Review Under the Poverty Reduction Growth Facility (PRGF). The PRGF-supported program approved in October 1999 aims at sustaining economic grow...

Cameroon: Fifth Review Under the Three–Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Financing Assurances Review, and Requests for Waiver of Performance Criterion, Modification of Performance Criteria and Extension of Arrangement—Informational Annex

Cameroon: Fifth Review Under the Three–Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Financing Assurances Review, and Requests for Waiver of Performance Criterion, Modification of Performance Criteria and Extension of Arrangement—Informational Annex »

Source: Cameroon : Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Financing Assurances Review, and Requests for Waiver of Performance Criterion, Modification of Performance Criteria and Extension of Arrangement: Staff Report; Staff Supplement and Statement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Cameroon

Volume/Issue: 2008/279

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451808278

Keywords: debt, budget, revenues, external debt, domestic debt

This paper discusses key findings of the Fifth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) for Cameroon. Non-oil economic activity accelerated somewhat in 2007, and inflation declined. However, ri...

Cameroon: First Review of the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF)

Cameroon: First Review of the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) »

Source: Cameroon : First Review of the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF)

Volume/Issue: 2006/231

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451808179

Keywords: debt, budget, interest

Macroeconomic performance has been satisfactory, and program implementation under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility arrangement has also been good. The medium-term projections have been updated in anticipat...

Cameroon: Fourth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Requests for Extension of Arrangement, Waiver of Performance Criterion, and Extension of Interim Assistance Under the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Cameroon: Fourth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Requests for Extension of Arrangement, Waiver of Performance Criterion, and Extension of Interim Assistance Under the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries »

Source: Cameroon : Fourth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Requests for Extension of Arrangement, Waiver of Performance Criterion, and Extension of Interim Assistance Under the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/401

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451808117

Keywords: debt, budget, external debt, public debt, debt relief

Overall, the program's macroeconomic targets have been broadly met. The program embodies a renewed emphasis on the non-oil revenue mobilization effort and continuation of a prudent expenditure stance. Reversing the...