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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Assessing Countries’ Financial Inclusion Standing - A New Composite Index

Assessing Countries’ Financial Inclusion Standing - A New Composite Index »

Source: Assessing Countries' Financial Inclusion Standing - A New Composite Index

Volume/Issue: 2014/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Goran Amidži? , Alexander Massara , and André Mialou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475569681

Keywords: Financial inclusion, access and usage of financial services, factor analysis, index, banking, microfinance, Index Numbers and Aggregation, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data

This paper leverages the IMF's Financial Access Survey (FAS) database to construct a new composite index of financial inclusion. The topic of financial inclusion has gathered significant attention in recent years....

12 Boats Against the Current: Coping with a Global Tide

12 Boats Against the Current: Coping with a Global Tide »

Source: Tearing Down Walls : The International Monetary Fund 1990-1999

Series: Books

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2012

ISBN: 9781616350840

So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past. F. Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby 1925 The East Asian c...

Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis1

Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis1 »

Source: Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2017/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashraf Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475595802

Keywords: Financial crisis, Financial stability, Governance, Central banking, law, financial supervision, independence, autonomy, monetary policy, International Relations and International Political Economy: General

Drawing on the 2016 update of the IMF's Central Bank Legislation Database, this paper examines differences in central bank legal frameworks before and after the Global Financial Crisis. Examples from select countri...

Chapter 5. Achieving Inclusive Growth

Chapter 5. Achieving Inclusive Growth »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Frontier Asian economies are poised for continued rapid growth. 1 Their per capita incomes may be relatively low compared with the rest of Asia at present, but they are clearly on...

Chapter 4. Are Global Imbalances at a Turning Point?

Chapter 4. Are Global Imbalances at a Turning Point? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2014 : Legacies, Clouds, Uncertainties

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498331555

Keywords: public investment, current account, gas, current account balance, natural gas

Global current account (“flow”) imbalances have narrowed significantly since their peak in 2006, and their configuration has changed markedly in the process. The imbalances that used to be the m...

Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2016 : Subdued Demand: Symptoms and Remedies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513599540

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, International trade, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Discriminatory trade practices, International trade agreements, Trade, Trade liberalization, Trade policy, Global trade, Restraint of trade

Recent Developments and Prospects The forces shaping the global outlook—both those operating over the short term and those operating over the long term—point to subdued growth for 20...

Chapter 2. Global Trade: What’s Behind the Slowdown?

Chapter 2. Global Trade: What’s Behind the Slowdown? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2016 : Subdued Demand: Symptoms and Remedies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513599540

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, International trade, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Discriminatory trade practices, International trade agreements, Trade, Trade liberalization, Trade policy, Global trade, Restraint of trade

Trade growth has slowed since 2012 relative both to its strong historical performance and to overall economic growth. This chapter finds that the overall weakness in economic activity, in partic...

Chapter II Oil Prices and Global Imbalances

Chapter II Oil Prices and Global Imbalances »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2006 : Globalization and Inflation

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589065499

Keywords: inflation, debt, interest, oil prices, debtor countries

Two developments have dominated the international economic landscape over the past several years. First, large global external imbalances have persisted, including a large current account deficit in the Unit...

Chapter 16. Pacific Island Countries: Trade Integration in a Changing Global Economy

Chapter 16. Pacific Island Countries: Trade Integration in a Changing Global Economy »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Trade integration is widely considered to be essential for economic development and prosperity in Pacific island countries (PICs). 1 This thinking is not without theoretical or em...