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Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis1

Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis1 »

Source: Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2017/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashraf Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475595802

Keywords: Financial crisis, Financial stability, Governance, Central banking, law, financial supervision, independence, autonomy, monetary policy, International Relations and International Political Economy: General

Drawing on the 2016 update of the IMF's Central Bank Legislation Database, this paper examines differences in central bank legal frameworks before and after the Global Financial Crisis. Examples from select countri...

Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2016 : Subdued Demand: Symptoms and Remedies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513599540

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, International trade, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Discriminatory trade practices, International trade agreements, Trade, Trade liberalization, Trade policy, Global trade, Restraint of trade

Recent Developments and Prospects The forces shaping the global outlook—both those operating over the short term and those operating over the long term—point to subdued growth for 20...

Chapter 2. Global Trade: What’s Behind the Slowdown?

Chapter 2. Global Trade: What’s Behind the Slowdown? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2016 : Subdued Demand: Symptoms and Remedies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513599540

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, International trade, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Discriminatory trade practices, International trade agreements, Trade, Trade liberalization, Trade policy, Global trade, Restraint of trade

Trade growth has slowed since 2012 relative both to its strong historical performance and to overall economic growth. This chapter finds that the overall weakness in economic activity, in partic...

Chapter 5. Metal Prices Signal Global Economic Shifts

Chapter 5. Metal Prices Signal Global Economic Shifts »

Source: Shifting Commodity Markets in a Globalized World

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , and Akito Matsumoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484310328

Keywords: Energy and Commodity Markets; Boom and Bust; Volatility; Global Economy

Metal prices have been declining since 2011 after a long upward trend that began in the early 2000s (Figure 5.1). Some analysts consider this to be a signal that we are nearing the end of the so-called commo...

Chapter 14. Reforming the Global Reserve System

Chapter 14. Reforming the Global Reserve System »

Source: From Great Depression to Great Recession : The Elusive Quest for International Policy Cooperation

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2017

ISBN: 9781513514277

Keywords: global financial crisis, adjustment fatigue, deflation, currency wars, secular stagnation, policy cooperation, recovery, crisis prevention, policy coordination, imbalances

The current global reserve system evolved out of the unilateral decision by the United States in 1971 to abandon the gold-dollar parity and convertibility of dollars for gold that was established at Bretton...

Crisis Transmission in the Global Banking Network*

Crisis Transmission in the Global Banking Network* »

Source: Crisis Transmission in the Global Banking Network

Volume/Issue: 2016/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Galina Hale , Tümer Kapan , and Camelia Minoiu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2016

ISBN: 9781475551341

Keywords: shock transmission, long-term interbank exposures, systemic banking crises, financial networks, syndicated loans

We study the transmission of financial sector shocks across borders through international bank connections. For this purpose, we use data on long-term interbank loans among more than 6,000 banks during 1997-2012 to...

The Distribution of Gains from Globalization

The Distribution of Gains from Globalization »

Source: The Distribution of Gains from Globalization

Volume/Issue: 2018/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valentin Lang , and Marina Mendes Tavares

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484347065

Keywords: Globalization, Growth, Inequality, Globalization: Macroeconomic Impacts, Globalization: Economic Development

We study economic globalization as a multidimensional process and investigate its effect on incomes. In a panel of 147 countries during 1970-2014, we apply a new instrumental variable, exploiting globalization's ge...

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies1

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies1 »

Source: The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2018/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitali Das , and Benjamin Hilgenstock

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484361900

Keywords: Labor markets, Globalization, Income distribution, Information technology, Employment, Developing countries, Wages, Labor force, Polarization, routine occupations

Evidence that the automation of routine tasks has contributed to the polarization of labor markets has been documented for many developed economies, but little is known about its incidence in developing economies....

Fintech, Inclusive Growth and Cyber Risks: Focus on the MENAP and CCA Regions

Fintech, Inclusive Growth and Cyber Risks: Focus on the MENAP and CCA Regions »

Source: Fintech, Inclusive Growth and Cyber Risks: Focus on the MENAP and CCA Regions

Volume/Issue: 2018/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Inutu Lukonga

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484374900

Keywords: Fintech, Cyber Risks, Financial Stability, Inclusive Growth and Financial Inclusion, Inclusive Growth and Cyber Risks: A Focus on the MENAP and CCA Regions

Financial technology (fintech) is emerging as an innovative way to achieve financial inclusion and the broader objective of inclusive growth. Thus far, fintech in the MENAP and CCA remains below potential with limi...

Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality1

Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality1 »

Source: Fiscal Reforms, Long-term Growth and Income Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2017/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santiago Acosta Ormaechea , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Carolina Correa-Caro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2017

ISBN: 9781484303689

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Synthetic Control Method, Structural Reform, General, Comparative Studies of Countries

We estimate the effects on growth of nine fiscal reform episodes in seven high-income countries using the Synthetic Control Method. These episodes are selected using an indicator-based approach applied to the evalu...