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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Chapter 12. Natural Resources, Volatility, and Inclusive Growth: Perspectives from the Middle East and North Africa

Chapter 12. Natural Resources, Volatility, and Inclusive Growth: Perspectives from the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction Countries endowed with natural resources such as oil and gas are faced with important economic challenges. Those challenges are of both a short- and long-term nature (se...

Finances, Organization, and Accountability

Finances, Organization, and Accountability »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2015 : Tackling Challenges Together

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2015

ISBN: 9781475544886

Keywords: debt, imf, tax, interest, investment

In FY2015, the IMF operated within an unchanged budget envelope in real terms. This was the third year in row. Greater utilization and reallocation of the budget enabled the IMF to meet new demands. The IMF’...

Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices

Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices »

Source: Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices

Volume/Issue: 2015/15

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Aasim Husain , Rabah Arezki , Peter Breuer , Vikram Haksar , Thomas Helbling , Paulo Medas , and Martin Sommer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513532417

Keywords: Oil price, fuel taxes and subsidies, fiscal vulnerabilities, external vulnerabilities, exchange rate regime, oil, prices, price, oil prices, energy

The sharp drop in oil prices is one of the most important global economic developments over the past year. The SDN finds that (i) supply factors have played a somewhat larger role than demand factors in driving the...

Global Rebalancing with Gravity: Measuring the Burden of Adjustment

Global Rebalancing with Gravity: Measuring the Burden of Adjustment »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 3

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2008

ISBN: 9781589067240

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, monetary fund, foreign exchange, inflation

This special issue on exchange rates is drawn from the Eighth Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference held at the International Monetary Fund in Washington in November 2007. The Mundell-Fleming Lecture by Stanley...

II Energy Management as a Global Problem

II Energy Management as a Global Problem »

Source: Oil Exporters' Economic Development in an Interdependent World

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Amuzegar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 1983

ISBN: 9781557750785

Keywords: opec, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, oil exports, oil exporting countries

For the first time in postwar history, if not indeed the history of the modern world, energy management has become an overriding global economic, strategic, and political issue. Worldwide inflation, continue...

IMF-World Bank Annual Meetings: Ministers vow to stoke global recovery

IMF-World Bank Annual Meetings: Ministers vow to stoke global recovery »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 17

Volume/Issue: 32/17

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451928556

Keywords: development assistance, global growth, global recovery, multilateral institutions, financial system, ANNUAL MEETINGS,

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

The International Monetary Fund and the global Spread of Privatization

The International Monetary Fund and the global Spread of Privatization »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 51, No. 2

Volume: 51

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063235

Keywords: privatization revenues, privatization programs, privatization transactions, privatization program, American Dollar, Autoregression, Cohort Analysis, Conditionality (finance), Correlation (statistics), Effect Of Education On Economic Development

This second issue for 2004 contains 8 new papers, including notable contributions from: Nancy Brune, Geoffrey Garrett, and Bruce Kogut on the global spread of privatization; and Mark P. Taylor and Elena T. Branson...

Looking Back

Looking Back »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2015 : Tackling Challenges Together

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2015

ISBN: 9781475544886

Keywords: debt, imf, tax, interest, investment

This year has been crucial for reshaping the world’s development agenda. We also marked two important anniversaries—the 70th anniversary of the founding of the...

Madagascar: Staff Report for the 2002 Article IV Consultation, Second Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Requests for Extension of Arrangement, Waiver of Performance Criteria, and for Interim Assistance under the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Madagascar: Staff Report for the 2002 Article IV Consultation, Second Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Requests for Extension of Arrangement, Waiver of Performance Criteria, and for Interim Assistance under the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries »

Source: Madagascar : Staff Report for the 2002 Article IV Consultation, Second Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Requests for Extension of Arrangement, Waiver of Performance Criteria, and for Interim Assistance under the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/6

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2003

ISBN: 9781451825268

Keywords: debt, central bank, budget, debt service, balance of payments

This paper examines Madagascar's 2002 Article IV Consultation, Second Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), and Requests for Extension of Arrangement. Madagascar's performance under the PRG...