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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

4. Building Capacity for Sustained Growth

4. Building Capacity for Sustained Growth »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2012 : Working Together To Support Global Recovery

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616354152

Keywords: credit, balance of payments, technical assistance, financial sector, debt relief

Support for Low-Income Countries...

Central Bank Autonomy: Lessons from Global Trends

Central Bank Autonomy: Lessons from Global Trends »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 2

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 June 2009

ISBN: 9781589067950

Keywords: labor productivity growth, employment, labor productivity, labor shares

China’s growth performance since the start of economic reforms in 1978 has been impressive, but the gains have not been distributed equally across provinces. We use a nonparametric approach to analyze the va...

Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis1

Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis1 »

Source: Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2017/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashraf Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475595802

Keywords: Financial crisis, Financial stability, Governance, Central banking, law, financial supervision, independence, autonomy, monetary policy, International Relations and International Political Economy: General

Drawing on the 2016 update of the IMF's Central Bank Legislation Database, this paper examines differences in central bank legal frameworks before and after the Global Financial Crisis. Examples from select countri...

Chapter 6. Global and Regional Spillovers to Pacific Island Countries

Chapter 6. Global and Regional Spillovers to Pacific Island Countries »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

The Pacific island countries (PICs) have been integrating economically with Australia, New Zealand, and Asia’s emerging market economies over the last two decades, creating big economic opportunities for the...

Chapter 13. Global Commodity Prices, Monetary Transmission, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through

Chapter 13. Global Commodity Prices, Monetary Transmission, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable to commodity price shocks and this poses challenges for monetary policy. The spike in global commodity prices in 2007–08 led to a rise in headline inflation, wh...

Chapter 4. Global Large Debt Reduction: Lessons for the Caribbean

Chapter 4. Global Large Debt Reduction: Lessons for the Caribbean »

Source: Caribbean Renewal : Tackling Fiscal and Debt Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Amo Yartey , and Therese Turner-Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484369142

Keywords: public debt, debt reduction, fiscal consolidation, debt restructuring, fiscal policy

The global financial crisis has led to renewed interest in the issue of debt reduction for many governments. Low economic growth, low budgetary revenues, and stimulus spending to prop up economic activity ha...

Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2016 : Subdued Demand: Symptoms and Remedies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513599540

Keywords: World Economic Outlook, International trade, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Discriminatory trade practices, International trade agreements, Trade, Trade liberalization, Trade policy, Global trade, Restraint of trade

Recent Developments and Prospects The forces shaping the global outlook—both those operating over the short term and those operating over the long term—point to subdued growth for 20...

Chapter 5. GLOBALIZATION, COMMODITY PRICES, AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Chapter 5. GLOBALIZATION, COMMODITY PRICES, AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067196

Keywords: commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

Over the past couple of decades, and in particular over the past few years, many developing and emerging economies have become steadily more integrated into the world economy. International trade, in both ma...

Chapter 7. Major Economic Shocks and Pacific Island Countries during the Global Economic Crisis

Chapter 7. Major Economic Shocks and Pacific Island Countries during the Global Economic Crisis »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Small island states are vulnerable to external shocks and generally experience greater instability in exports and agricultural production than other developing economies. 1 Pacifi...