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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Central Bank Autonomy: Lessons from Global Trends

Central Bank Autonomy: Lessons from Global Trends »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 2

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 June 2009

ISBN: 9781589067950

Keywords: labor productivity growth, employment, labor productivity, labor shares

China’s growth performance since the start of economic reforms in 1978 has been impressive, but the gains have not been distributed equally across provinces. We use a nonparametric approach to analyze the va...

Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis1

Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis1 »

Source: Central Bank Legal Frameworks in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2017/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashraf Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475595802

Keywords: Financial crisis, Financial stability, Governance, Central banking, law, financial supervision, independence, autonomy, monetary policy, International Relations and International Political Economy: General

Drawing on the 2016 update of the IMF's Central Bank Legislation Database, this paper examines differences in central bank legal frameworks before and after the Global Financial Crisis. Examples from select countri...

Chapter 6. Global and Regional Spillovers to Pacific Island Countries

Chapter 6. Global and Regional Spillovers to Pacific Island Countries »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

The Pacific island countries (PICs) have been integrating economically with Australia, New Zealand, and Asia’s emerging market economies over the last two decades, creating big economic opportunities for the...

Chapter 13. Global Commodity Prices, Monetary Transmission, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through

Chapter 13. Global Commodity Prices, Monetary Transmission, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable to commodity price shocks and this poses challenges for monetary policy. The spike in global commodity prices in 2007–08 led to a rise in headline inflation, wh...

Chapter 4. Global Large Debt Reduction: Lessons for the Caribbean

Chapter 4. Global Large Debt Reduction: Lessons for the Caribbean »

Source: Caribbean Renewal : Tackling Fiscal and Debt Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Amo Yartey , and Therese Turner-Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484369142

Keywords: public debt, debt reduction, fiscal consolidation, debt restructuring, fiscal policy

The global financial crisis has led to renewed interest in the issue of debt reduction for many governments. Low economic growth, low budgetary revenues, and stimulus spending to prop up economic activity ha...

Chapter 7. Major Economic Shocks and Pacific Island Countries during the Global Economic Crisis

Chapter 7. Major Economic Shocks and Pacific Island Countries during the Global Economic Crisis »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Small island states are vulnerable to external shocks and generally experience greater instability in exports and agricultural production than other developing economies. 1 Pacifi...

Chapter 16. Pacific Island Countries: Trade Integration in a Changing Global Economy

Chapter 16. Pacific Island Countries: Trade Integration in a Changing Global Economy »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Trade integration is widely considered to be essential for economic development and prosperity in Pacific island countries (PICs). 1 This thinking is not without theoretical or em...

The Cross-Country Incidence of the Global Crisis1

The Cross-Country Incidence of the Global Crisis1 »

Source: The Cross-Country Incidence of the Global Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2010/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201822

Keywords: private credit, international financial integration, output growth, current account balance, short-term debt,

We examine whether the cross-country incidence and severity of the 2008-2009 global recession is systematically related to pre-crisis macroeconomic and financial factors. We find that the pre-crisis level of develo...

Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid

Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid »

Source: Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid

Volume/Issue: 2005/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Boriana Yontcheva , and Nadia Masud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861198

Keywords: Official Development Aid, NGOs, Panel Data Econometrics, infant mortality, mortality rates, aid effectiveness,

This paper assesses the effectiveness of foreign aid in reducing poverty through its impact on human development indicators. We use a dataset of both bilateral aid and NGO aid flows. Our results show that NGO aid r...