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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Financial globalization poses new challenges for central banks

Financial globalization poses new challenges for central banks »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 31, Issue 19

Volume/Issue: 31/19

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451927344

Keywords: trading system, trade barriers, market access, world economy

Improving market access for developing countries is one of the most important steps that rich countries can take in fighting global poverty, according to the chief economists of the World Bank and the IMF. Both ins...

3. Inequality and Economic Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa

3. Inequality and Economic Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513597331

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; commodity exporters; oil-exporting countries; competitiveness; trade integration; income inequality; gender inequality

Sub-Saharan Africa has among the highest levels of inequality—both income and gender—in the world, even after accounting for the lower levels of per capita income in the region. With growing international ev...

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth »

Source: Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth : Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2016/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , Mumtaz Hussain , Monique Newiak , Vimal Thakoor , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2016

ISBN: 9781484382349

Keywords: Income inequality, gender inequality, economic growth, and sub-Saharan Africa

A growing body of empirical evidence suggests that inequality-income or gender related-can impede economic growth. Using dynamic panel regressions and new time series data, this paper finds that both income and gen...