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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Chapter 10. Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal

Chapter 10. Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal »

Source: Macrofinancial Linkages : Trends, Crises, and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , Simon Johnson , Jonathan Ostry , and Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2010

ISBN: 9781589069398

Keywords: financial integration, financial liberalization, corporate governance, financial globalization, banking crises

M. Ayhan Kose • Eswar Prasad • Kenneth Rogoff • Shang-Jin Wei 1 10.1. Introduction Few issues have stirred su...

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction In the years preceding the global economic and financial crisis, analysts and policymakers wondered about diverging trends between aggregate measures of economic perform...

Chapter 6. Global and Regional Spillovers to Pacific Island Countries

Chapter 6. Global and Regional Spillovers to Pacific Island Countries »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

The Pacific island countries (PICs) have been integrating economically with Australia, New Zealand, and Asia’s emerging market economies over the last two decades, creating big economic opportunities for the...

Chapter 13. Global Commodity Prices, Monetary Transmission, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through

Chapter 13. Global Commodity Prices, Monetary Transmission, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable to commodity price shocks and this poses challenges for monetary policy. The spike in global commodity prices in 2007–08 led to a rise in headline inflation, wh...

Chapter 4. Global Large Debt Reduction: Lessons for the Caribbean

Chapter 4. Global Large Debt Reduction: Lessons for the Caribbean »

Source: Caribbean Renewal : Tackling Fiscal and Debt Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Amo Yartey , and Therese Turner-Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484369142

Keywords: public debt, debt reduction, fiscal consolidation, debt restructuring, fiscal policy

The global financial crisis has led to renewed interest in the issue of debt reduction for many governments. Low economic growth, low budgetary revenues, and stimulus spending to prop up economic activity ha...

Chapter 7. Major Economic Shocks and Pacific Island Countries during the Global Economic Crisis

Chapter 7. Major Economic Shocks and Pacific Island Countries during the Global Economic Crisis »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Small island states are vulnerable to external shocks and generally experience greater instability in exports and agricultural production than other developing economies. 1 Pacifi...

Chapter 5. Metal Prices Signal Global Economic Shifts

Chapter 5. Metal Prices Signal Global Economic Shifts »

Source: Shifting Commodity Markets in a Globalized World

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , and Akito Matsumoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484310328

Keywords: Energy and Commodity Markets; Boom and Bust; Volatility; Global Economy

Metal prices have been declining since 2011 after a long upward trend that began in the early 2000s (Figure 5.1). Some analysts consider this to be a signal that we are nearing the end of the so-called commo...

Chapter 16. Pacific Island Countries: Trade Integration in a Changing Global Economy

Chapter 16. Pacific Island Countries: Trade Integration in a Changing Global Economy »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Trade integration is widely considered to be essential for economic development and prosperity in Pacific island countries (PICs). 1 This thinking is not without theoretical or em...

Chapter 2. Sustaining Growth in the East African Community

Chapter 2. Sustaining Growth in the East African Community »

Source: The Quest for Regional Integration in the East African Community

Series: Books

Author(s): Paulo Drummond , S. Wajid , and Oral Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 January 2015

ISBN: 9781484364413

Keywords: exchange, exchange rate, monetary policy, growth, markets

The Growth Record In the midst of sub-Saharan Africa’s best decade of economic growth since at least the 1970s, the East African Community (EAC) is among the fastest-growing regions....