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How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

7 Maintaining Competitiveness in the Global Economy

7 Maintaining Competitiveness in the Global Economy »

Source: Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

The appreciation of the rupee in recent years has raised concerns about India’s export competitiveness. Between end-2002 and 2005, the Indian rupee appreciated by 6 percent against the U.S. dollar and by 8 p...

Pakistan: Eighth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waivers and Modification of Performance Criteria

Pakistan: Eighth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waivers and Modification of Performance Criteria »

Source: Pakistan : Eighth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waivers and Modification of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2004/211

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451830545

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, public sector, external debt

This paper assesses Pakistan's Eighth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and Request for Waivers and Modification of Performance Criteria (PCs). Implement...

Pakistan: Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria

Pakistan: Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria »

Source: Pakistan : Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2003/180

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451830576

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, grants, deficit

This paper examines Pakistan's Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria. Although most ref...

Pakistan: First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), and Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria

Pakistan: First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), and Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria »

Source: Pakistan : First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), and Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2002/82

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451830446

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, grants, public sector

This paper evaluates Pakistan's First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and a Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria. Developments i...

Pakistan: Fourth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion

Pakistan: Fourth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion »

Source: Pakistan : Fourth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion

Volume/Issue: 2003/54

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451830491

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, deficit, tax administration

This paper examines Pakistan's Fourth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion. Progress on the structural front throug...

Pakistan: Request for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction Growth Facility

Pakistan: Request for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction Growth Facility »

Source: Pakistan : Request for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction Growth Facility

Volume/Issue: 2001/222

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2001

ISBN: 9781451830620

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, grants, external debt

Pakistan has established sound macroeconomic management and structural reforms under the Stand-By Arrangement. Executive Directors welcomed this step, and emphasized the need to maintain fiscal and monetary stances...

Pakistan: Second Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion

Pakistan: Second Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion »

Source: Pakistan : Second Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion

Volume/Issue: 2002/141

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451830484

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, grants, deficit

This paper assesses Pakistan's Second Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion. Developments in the first months...

Pakistan: Staff Report for the 2002 Article IV Consultation, Third Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement, and Request for Waivers of Performance Criteria

Pakistan: Staff Report for the 2002 Article IV Consultation, Third Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement, and Request for Waivers of Performance Criteria »

Source: Pakistan : Staff Report for the 2002 Article IV Consultation, Third Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement, and Request for Waivers of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2002/246

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451830521

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, public debt, deficit

The economic outlook remains clouded by regional and domestic security concerns. Real GDP growth and inflation were broadly in line with program projections in 2001-02. The balance of payments position unproved fas...

The Spillover Effects of the Global Crisison Economic Activity in Mena Emerging Market Countries

The Spillover Effects of the Global Crisison Economic Activity in Mena Emerging Market Countries »

Source: The Spillover Effects of the Global Crisison Economic Activity in Mena Emerging Market Countries : An Analysis Using the Financial Stress Index

Volume/Issue: 2010/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenji Moriyama

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2010

ISBN: 9781451961867

Keywords: Spillover, financial stress, emerging market, gdp growth, real gdp, trade partners, oil prices,

The estimated spillover of the global crisis to emerging market (EM) economies in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) indicates that nearly two-thirds of the increased financial stress in MENA EM countries afte...