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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

4. Building Capacity for Sustained Growth

4. Building Capacity for Sustained Growth »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2012 : Working Together To Support Global Recovery

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616354152

Keywords: credit, balance of payments, technical assistance, financial sector, debt relief

Support for Low-Income Countries...

CHAPTER 2 IMF Country, Global, and Regional Surveillance

CHAPTER 2 IMF Country, Global, and Regional Surveillance »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

Central to the IMF’s mandate of improving the operation of the international monetary system is its oversight (or “surveillance”) of the economic and financial policies of its member countries. IMF surveilla...

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Poor Countries

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Poor Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

The Committee urges all those with a stake in the HIPC Initiative to work for faster and effective implementation, and to give the HIPC process the highest priority so that as many countries as...

CHAPTER 5 The Fight Against Poverty in Low-Income Countries

CHAPTER 5 The Fight Against Poverty in Low-Income Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2003 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589062467

Keywords: financial statements, financial sector, communications, balance of payments, repayments

The central objective of the IMF’s operations in low-income countries is deep and lasting poverty reduction, which requires sustained economic growth and policies di...

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

III Key Features I and 2: Broad Ownership and Participation and Embedding the PRGF in the Overall Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction

III Key Features I and 2: Broad Ownership and Participation and Embedding the PRGF in the Overall Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

The interrelated key features 1 and 2 set out several aspects of the expected relationship between the PRGF-supported program and the PRSP. Specifically. PRGF-supported programs should be consistent with, an...

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Source: Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504828

Keywords: Fiscal consolidation, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Income inequality, Income distribution, Taxation, Unemployment, tax

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

IV. External and Domestic Performance: Progress Toward External Viability and Sustained Growth

IV. External and Domestic Performance: Progress Toward External Viability and Sustained Growth »

Source: Economic Adjustment in Low-Income Countries : Experience Under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): F. Rozwadowski , Siddharth Tiwari , David Robinson , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753366

Keywords: current account, export prices, export volume, external debt, terms of trade

The structural reforms and macroeconomic policies in ESAF-supported programs were intended to promote two fundamental objectives: to make significant progress toward external viability and to create conditio...

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis in PRGF-Supported Programs

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis in PRGF-Supported Programs »

Source: Poverty and Social Impact Analysis in PRGF-Supported Programs

Volume/Issue: 2002/11

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451969856

Keywords: Poverty, Fund-supported adjustment programs, IMF Programs, Social Impact, poverty reduction, impact analysis, social impact analysis, civil service, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, General Welfare,

This paper aims to inform on the status of Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) in IMF-supported programs, detailing the results presented in the recent review of PRGF-supported programs. The review showed tha...