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10 Africa: Industrialization Strategy In the Context of Globalization

10 Africa: Industrialization Strategy In the Context of Globalization »

Source: Trade Reform and Regional Integration in Africa

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 1998

ISBN: 9781557757692

Keywords: trade liberalization, regional integration, trade reform, trade taxes, tariff rates

The crucial challenge facing policy makers in government and the multilateral agencies is that of framing a new industrial strategy for sub-Saharan Africa in the 21st century. Whatever its limit...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction In the years preceding the global economic and financial crisis, analysts and policymakers wondered about diverging trends between aggregate measures of economic perform...

Chapter 4. Global Large Debt Reduction: Lessons for the Caribbean

Chapter 4. Global Large Debt Reduction: Lessons for the Caribbean »

Source: Caribbean Renewal : Tackling Fiscal and Debt Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Amo Yartey , and Therese Turner-Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484369142

Keywords: public debt, debt reduction, fiscal consolidation, debt restructuring, fiscal policy

The global financial crisis has led to renewed interest in the issue of debt reduction for many governments. Low economic growth, low budgetary revenues, and stimulus spending to prop up economic activity ha...

Chapter 6. Government Failure and Poverty Reduction in the CEMAC

Chapter 6. Government Failure and Poverty Reduction in the CEMAC »

Source: Oil Wealth in Central Africa : Policies for Inclusive Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353766

Keywords: fiscal policy, per, public investment, expenditure, fiscal stance

The countries composing the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC) have some of the lowest social indicators in the world (Table 6.1). Although the Republic of Congo (hereafter “Congo”), E...

Chapter 16. Pacific Island Countries: Trade Integration in a Changing Global Economy

Chapter 16. Pacific Island Countries: Trade Integration in a Changing Global Economy »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Trade integration is widely considered to be essential for economic development and prosperity in Pacific island countries (PICs). 1 This thinking is not without theoretical or em...

Chapter 9. Reaping the Benefits of Financial Globalization

Chapter 9. Reaping the Benefits of Financial Globalization »

Source: Macrofinancial Linkages : Trends, Crises, and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , Simon Johnson , Jonathan Ostry , and Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2010

ISBN: 9781589069398

Keywords: financial integration, financial liberalization, corporate governance, financial globalization, banking crises

9.1. Introduction Financial globalization—defined as the extent to which countries are linked through cross-border financial holdings, and proxied in this chapter by the sum of count...

Chapter 14. The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited: Evidence for Developing Countries

Chapter 14. The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited: Evidence for Developing Countries »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction The negative economic and environmental effects of fuel subsidies are widely recognized. 1 But these subsidies are also undesirable fro...

5. Global Trends in Central Bank Governance

5. Global Trends in Central Bank Governance »

Source: Central Bank Independence, Accountability, and Transparency--A Global Perspective : A Global Perspective

Series: Books

Author(s): Bernard Laurens , Jean-François Segalotto , and Marco Arnone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2009

ISBN: 9780230201071

This chapter 1 discusses global trends in CB governance based on the indicators of independence, accountability, and transparency presented in Chapter 4, and which are applied to...

1 World Without Walls: The Global Economy and the IMF, 1990–1999

1 World Without Walls: The Global Economy and the IMF, 1990–1999 »

Source: Tearing Down Walls : The International Monetary Fund 1990-1999

Series: Books

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2012

ISBN: 9781616350840

The humorist Mark Twain is often quoted as writing that Richard Wagner’s music was “better than it sounds.” 1 That ironic judgment might apply more aptly to the world economy of t...