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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

4. Confronting the Ongoing Global Crisis

4. Confronting the Ongoing Global Crisis »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2013 : Promoting a More Secure and Stable Global Economy

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2013

ISBN: 9781475515398

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, debt relief, public debt, capital flows

Managing Director’s Global Policy Agenda In October 2012, the Managing...

Global Dispersion of Current Accounts: Is the Universe Expanding?

Global Dispersion of Current Accounts: Is the Universe Expanding? »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 3

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2009

ISBN: 9781589068209

Keywords: trade openness, trade liberalization, import duties, transition economies, trade barriers

Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on crosscountry analysis—which lacks transparency—or case studies—which lack statistical rigor. This paper applies a transpare...

The Global Financial Crisis

The Global Financial Crisis »

Source: The Global Financial Crisis : An Anatomy of Global Growth

Volume/Issue: 2013/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Troy Matheson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484362013

Keywords: Growth Synchronization, global shocks, global financial crisis, idiosyncratic shocks, pre-crisis, Bayesian Analysis, Time-Series Models, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The global financial crisis was a stark reminder of the importance of cross-country linkages in the global economy. We document growth synchronization across a diverse group of 185 countries covering 7 regions, and...

Global Imbalances and Petrodollars

Global Imbalances and Petrodollars »

Source: Global Imbalances and Petrodollars

Volume/Issue: 2009/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fuad Hasanov , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872361

Keywords: Oil exporters, exporters, exporting countries, oil-exporting countries, terms of trade,

Oil exporters have run large current account surpluses. We explore oil exporters' role in our understanding and the resolution of global imbalances. Current account dynamics are estimated for oil-exporting countrie...

Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices

Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices »

Source: Global Implications of Lower Oil Prices

Volume/Issue: 2015/15

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Aasim Husain , Rabah Arezki , Peter Breuer , Vikram Haksar , Thomas Helbling , Paulo Medas , and Martin Sommer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513532417

Keywords: Oil price, fuel taxes and subsidies, fiscal vulnerabilities, external vulnerabilities, exchange rate regime, oil, prices, price, oil prices, energy

The sharp drop in oil prices is one of the most important global economic developments over the past year. The SDN finds that (i) supply factors have played a somewhat larger role than demand factors in driving the...

How Does Financial Globalization Affect Risk Sharing? Patterns and Channels

How Does Financial Globalization Affect Risk Sharing? Patterns and Channels »

Source: How Does Financial Globalization Affect Risk Sharing? Patterns and Channels

Volume/Issue: 2007/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Terrones , Ayhan Kose , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451868029

Keywords: risk sharing, emerging markets, financial globalization,

In theory, one of the main benefits of financial globalization is that it should allow for more efficient international risk sharing. This paper provides a comprehensive empirical evaluation of the patterns of risk...

How Might a Disorderly Resolution of Global Imbalances Affect Global Wealth?

How Might a Disorderly Resolution of Global Imbalances Affect Global Wealth? »

Source: How Might a Disorderly Resolution of Global Imbalances Affect Global Wealth?

Volume/Issue: 2006/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Warnock

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451864304

Keywords: U.S. asset holdings, global asset portfolios, disorderly currency adjustments, global current account imbalances, cpis, bonds, bond, bond markets, financial markets, International Lending and Debt Problems

Partly reflecting structural advantages such a liquidity and strong investor protection, foreigners have built up extremely large positions in U.S. (as well as other dollar-denominated) financial assets. This paper...

National Income and Its Distribution*

National Income and Its Distribution* »

Source: National Income and Its Distribution

Volume/Issue: 2014/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Bruckner , Era Dabla-Norris , and Mark Gradstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498347815

Keywords: inequality, growth, gini, gini coefficient, dependent variable, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Does the distribution of income within a country become more equal as it grows richer? This paper uses plausibly exogenous variations in trade-weighted world income and international oil price shocks as instruments...