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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Central Bank Autonomy: Lessons from Global Trends

Central Bank Autonomy: Lessons from Global Trends »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 2

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 June 2009

ISBN: 9781589067950

Keywords: labor productivity growth, employment, labor productivity, labor shares

China’s growth performance since the start of economic reforms in 1978 has been impressive, but the gains have not been distributed equally across provinces. We use a nonparametric approach to analyze the va...

CHAPTER 1. ASSESSING RISKS TO GLOBAL FINANCIAL STABILITY

CHAPTER 1. ASSESSING RISKS TO GLOBAL FINANCIAL STABILITY »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2007 : Financial Market Turbulence Causes, Consequences, and Policies

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066762

Keywords: capital inflows, hedge funds, hedge, risk management, financial stability

Following an extended period of exceptionally favorable financial market conditions, international markets have entered a difficult period. The current episode of turbulence represents the first significant...

Chapter 10. Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal

Chapter 10. Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal »

Source: Macrofinancial Linkages : Trends, Crises, and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , Simon Johnson , Jonathan Ostry , and Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2010

ISBN: 9781589069398

Keywords: financial integration, financial liberalization, corporate governance, financial globalization, banking crises

M. Ayhan Kose • Eswar Prasad • Kenneth Rogoff • Shang-Jin Wei 1 10.1. Introduction Few issues have stirred su...

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction The developing world has experienced sustained economic growth and poverty reduction during the past two decades. Globally, income inequality has also been on a steady d...

CHAPTER 8. Global Imbalances: In Midstream?

CHAPTER 8. Global Imbalances: In Midstream? »

Source: Reconstructing the World Economy

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Il SaKong , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2010

ISBN: 9781589069770

Keywords: inflation, current account, financial system, central bank, monetary policy

Before the crisis, there were strong arguments for reducing global imbalances. As a result of the crisis, there have been significant changes in saving and investment patterns across the world and imbalances...

Chapter 19. Growing (Un)equal: Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality in China and BRIC+

Chapter 19. Growing (Un)equal: Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality in China and BRIC+ »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction China provides an important case for analyzing the long-term evolution of household income inequality. Since the first wave of economic liberalization in the late 1970s,...

CHAPTER I ASSESSING GLOBAL FINANCIAL RISKS

CHAPTER I ASSESSING GLOBAL FINANCIAL RISKS »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, April 2007 : Market Developments and Issues

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589066373

Keywords: hedge funds, hedge, financial stability, bond, banking

Developments since the September 2006 Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR) have been broadly in line with the baseline scenario of solid economic growth, while near-term economic risks have eased. Howeve...

CHAPTER II GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENTS

CHAPTER II GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENTS »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, April 2004 : Market Developments and Issues

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063280

Keywords: bond, bonds, hedge, pension, hedge funds

Exceptionally low short-term interest rates in the major financial centers contributed to resurgent economic growth and rising corporate earnings and to progress in strengthening corporate balance sheets, th...

CHAPTER II GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENTS

CHAPTER II GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENTS »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, September 2003 : Market Developments and Issues

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589062368

Keywords: bond, bonds, hedging, capital flows, bond yields

This chapter examines the impact of low interest rates across a wide range of mature and emerging markets. It notes that, on balance, financial stability concerns have eased. Household and corporate balance...