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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

CHAPTER 2 IMF Country, Global, and Regional Surveillance

CHAPTER 2 IMF Country, Global, and Regional Surveillance »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

Central to the IMF’s mandate of improving the operation of the international monetary system is its oversight (or “surveillance”) of the economic and financial policies of its member countries. IMF surveilla...

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Poor Countries

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Poor Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

The Committee urges all those with a stake in the HIPC Initiative to work for faster and effective implementation, and to give the HIPC process the highest priority so that as many countries as...

CHAPTER 5 The Fight Against Poverty in Low-Income Countries

CHAPTER 5 The Fight Against Poverty in Low-Income Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2003 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589062467

Keywords: financial statements, financial sector, communications, balance of payments, repayments

The central objective of the IMF’s operations in low-income countries is deep and lasting poverty reduction, which requires sustained economic growth and policies di...

Global Dispersion of Current Accounts: Is the Universe Expanding?

Global Dispersion of Current Accounts: Is the Universe Expanding? »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 3

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2009

ISBN: 9781589068209

Keywords: trade openness, trade liberalization, import duties, transition economies, trade barriers

Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on crosscountry analysis—which lacks transparency—or case studies—which lack statistical rigor. This paper applies a transpare...

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Source: Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504828

Keywords: Fiscal consolidation, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Income inequality, Income distribution, Taxation, Unemployment, tax

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Making AIDS Part of the Global Development Agenda

Making AIDS Part of the Global Development Agenda »

Source: Health and Development

Series: EXR Pamphlets

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2004

ISBN: 9781589063419

Keywords: hiv, aids, hiv/aids, health care, public health

In the past two years, development thinking has undergone a major shift, from viewing AIDS as purely a health issue to acknowledging that it must be tackled as part of a broader development agenda. There is...

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis in PRGF-Supported Programs

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis in PRGF-Supported Programs »

Source: Poverty and Social Impact Analysis in PRGF-Supported Programs

Volume/Issue: 2002/11

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451969856

Keywords: Poverty, Fund-supported adjustment programs, IMF Programs, Social Impact, poverty reduction, impact analysis, social impact analysis, civil service, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, General Welfare,

This paper aims to inform on the status of Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) in IMF-supported programs, detailing the results presented in the recent review of PRGF-supported programs. The review showed tha...

Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief: Striving for a Better Life

Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief: Striving for a Better Life »

Source: IMF inFocus, Supplement to the IMF Survey, Volume 34

Volume/Issue: 34/5

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451951424

Keywords: financial systems, international community, public spending, policy advice

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Summit meetings Leaders call for cooperative effort to reduce debt and poverty, promote growth, liberalize trade

Summit meetings Leaders call for cooperative effort to reduce debt and poverty, promote growth, liberalize trade »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 15

Volume/Issue: 29/15

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451929744

Keywords: international financial, financial institutions, international financial institutions, globalization, financial system

The leaders of the Group of Seven and Group of Eight countries held summit meetings in Okinawa, Japan, on July 21–23. Two statements were issued at the meetings: the first, on July 21, by the leaders of the...