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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

12 Boats Against the Current: Coping with a Global Tide

12 Boats Against the Current: Coping with a Global Tide »

Source: Tearing Down Walls : The International Monetary Fund 1990-1999

Series: Books

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2012

ISBN: 9781616350840

So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past. F. Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby 1925 The East Asian c...

Capítulo 9. Shocks financieros globales y flujos brutos de capital en América Latina

Capítulo 9. Shocks financieros globales y flujos brutos de capital en América Latina »

Source: América Latina : Nuevos desafíos para el crecimiento y la estabilidad

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781484318294

Keywords: Economic growth, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Latin America, Commodity trade, términos de intercambio, exportadores de materias primas, América Latina crecimiento, crecimiento económico, políticas macroprudenciales y estabilidad financiera, América Latina

En la última década, los mercados financieros internacionales han originado shocks de gran envergadura, que tuvieron amplias repercusiones en las economías de mercados emergentes (EME). La crisis desencadena...

Chapter 1. Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality: An Overview

Chapter 1. Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality: An Overview »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Inequality is at the forefront of the economic policy debate in much of the world. This interest comes in the wake of the sizable increases in income disparities that ma...

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction The developing world has experienced sustained economic growth and poverty reduction during the past two decades. Globally, income inequality has also been on a steady d...

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction In the years preceding the global economic and financial crisis, analysts and policymakers wondered about diverging trends between aggregate measures of economic perform...

Chapter 3. Gender Inequality and Macroeconomic Performance

Chapter 3. Gender Inequality and Macroeconomic Performance »

Source: Women, Work, and Economic Growth : Leveling the Playing Field

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2017

ISBN: 9781513516103

Keywords: women, work, economy, gender inequality

Economists have extensively studied and discussed the existence, origins, and importance of several types of gender gaps, including in wages, labor force participation, presence in certain occupations, acces...

Chapter 9. Global Financial Shocks and Gross Capital Flows in Latin America

Chapter 9. Global Financial Shocks and Gross Capital Flows in Latin America »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Global financial markets have been a source of sizable shocks over the past decade, with broad repercussions across emerging markets. Stark examples are the crisis triggered by the...

Chapter 4. Global Large Debt Reduction: Lessons for the Caribbean

Chapter 4. Global Large Debt Reduction: Lessons for the Caribbean »

Source: Caribbean Renewal : Tackling Fiscal and Debt Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Amo Yartey , and Therese Turner-Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484369142

Keywords: public debt, debt reduction, fiscal consolidation, debt restructuring, fiscal policy

The global financial crisis has led to renewed interest in the issue of debt reduction for many governments. Low economic growth, low budgetary revenues, and stimulus spending to prop up economic activity ha...

Chapter 16. The Redistributive Impact of Government Spending on Education and Health: Evidence from Thirteen Developing Countries in the Commitment to Equity Project

Chapter 16. The Redistributive Impact of Government Spending on Education and Health: Evidence from Thirteen Developing Countries in the Commitment to Equity Project »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Two key indicators of a government’s (or society’s) commitment to equalizing opportunities and reducing poverty and social exclusion are the share of total income devote...