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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Chapter 2. Developments in the Global Economy and Financial Markets

Chapter 2. Developments in the Global Economy and Financial Markets »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2008 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067660

Keywords: financial sector, financial markets, balance of payments, debt relief, financial stability

FIGURE 2.1 Real GDP growth (Percent change from a year earlier) Foreign exchange markets were also affected b...

Chapter 1. Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality: An Overview

Chapter 1. Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality: An Overview »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Inequality is at the forefront of the economic policy debate in much of the world. This interest comes in the wake of the sizable increases in income disparities that ma...

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction The developing world has experienced sustained economic growth and poverty reduction during the past two decades. Globally, income inequality has also been on a steady d...

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction In the years preceding the global economic and financial crisis, analysts and policymakers wondered about diverging trends between aggregate measures of economic perform...

CHAPTER 2 IMF Country, Global, and Regional Surveillance

CHAPTER 2 IMF Country, Global, and Regional Surveillance »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

Central to the IMF’s mandate of improving the operation of the international monetary system is its oversight (or “surveillance”) of the economic and financial policies of its member countries. IMF surveilla...

Chapter 5. Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries

Chapter 5. Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2002 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2002

ISBN: 9781589061620

Keywords: financial statements, poverty reduction, financial sector, conditionality, balance of payments

Reducing poverty in low-income countries remains one of the foremost challenges of our time. There is unprecedented agreement in the international community about what needs to be done: a new cooperative par...

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Poor Countries

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Poor Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

The Committee urges all those with a stake in the HIPC Initiative to work for faster and effective implementation, and to give the HIPC process the highest priority so that as many countries as...

Chapter 3: Restoring Global Financial Stability

Chapter 3: Restoring Global Financial Stability »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2009 : Fighting the Global Crisis

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2009

ISBN: 9781589068797

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction

The extraordinary global financial crisis posed a host of serious policy challenges to most Fund members, as well as systemic risks to the global economy. The fu...

CHAPTER 5 The Fight Against Poverty in Low-Income Countries

CHAPTER 5 The Fight Against Poverty in Low-Income Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2003 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589062467

Keywords: financial statements, financial sector, communications, balance of payments, repayments

The central objective of the IMF’s operations in low-income countries is deep and lasting poverty reduction, which requires sustained economic growth and policies di...