Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 15 items :

Clear All
10 Africa: Industrialization Strategy In the Context of Globalization

10 Africa: Industrialization Strategy In the Context of Globalization »

Source: Trade Reform and Regional Integration in Africa

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 1998

ISBN: 9781557757692

Keywords: trade liberalization, regional integration, trade reform, trade taxes, tariff rates

The crucial challenge facing policy makers in government and the multilateral agencies is that of framing a new industrial strategy for sub-Saharan Africa in the 21st century. Whatever its limit...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Chapter 4. Global Large Debt Reduction: Lessons for the Caribbean

Chapter 4. Global Large Debt Reduction: Lessons for the Caribbean »

Source: Caribbean Renewal : Tackling Fiscal and Debt Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Amo Yartey , and Therese Turner-Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484369142

Keywords: public debt, debt reduction, fiscal consolidation, debt restructuring, fiscal policy

The global financial crisis has led to renewed interest in the issue of debt reduction for many governments. Low economic growth, low budgetary revenues, and stimulus spending to prop up economic activity ha...

Chapter 19. Growing (Un)equal: Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality in China and BRIC+

Chapter 19. Growing (Un)equal: Fiscal Policy and Income Inequality in China and BRIC+ »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction China provides an important case for analyzing the long-term evolution of household income inequality. Since the first wave of economic liberalization in the late 1970s,...

Chapter 9. Reaping the Benefits of Financial Globalization

Chapter 9. Reaping the Benefits of Financial Globalization »

Source: Macrofinancial Linkages : Trends, Crises, and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , Simon Johnson , Jonathan Ostry , and Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2010

ISBN: 9781589069398

Keywords: financial integration, financial liberalization, corporate governance, financial globalization, banking crises

9.1. Introduction Financial globalization—defined as the extent to which countries are linked through cross-border financial holdings, and proxied in this chapter by the sum of count...

Chapter 2. Technology and Unconventional Sources in the Global Oil Market

Chapter 2. Technology and Unconventional Sources in the Global Oil Market »

Source: Shifting Commodity Markets in a Globalized World

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , and Akito Matsumoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484310328

Keywords: Energy and Commodity Markets; Boom and Bust; Volatility; Global Economy

Technological factors played an important role in the collapse of oil prices that started in June 2014. Macroeconomists often assume that technological innovation results from independent, exter...

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction In 2008, aid flow to sub-Saharan Africa reached US$36 billion per year. Natural resource rents, by contrast, stood at US$240 billion. Over three-quarters of Africa’s sub...

Chapter 14. The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited: Evidence for Developing Countries

Chapter 14. The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited: Evidence for Developing Countries »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction The negative economic and environmental effects of fuel subsidies are widely recognized. 1 But these subsidies are also undesirable fro...

5. Global Trends in Central Bank Governance

5. Global Trends in Central Bank Governance »

Source: Central Bank Independence, Accountability, and Transparency--A Global Perspective : A Global Perspective

Series: Books

Author(s): Bernard Laurens , Jean-François Segalotto , and Marco Arnone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2009

ISBN: 9780230201071

This chapter 1 discusses global trends in CB governance based on the indicators of independence, accountability, and transparency presented in Chapter 4, and which are applied to...

6 Globalization: Implications for Africa

6 Globalization: Implications for Africa »

Source: Trade Reform and Regional Integration in Africa

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 1998

ISBN: 9781557757692

Keywords: trade liberalization, regional integration, trade reform, trade taxes, tariff rates

Africa has long been strongly integrated into the global economy. In respect of product markets, the typical African country trades a high share of its GDP, its economy being small and specialized in primary...