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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Chapter 4. Are Global Imbalances at a Turning Point?

Chapter 4. Are Global Imbalances at a Turning Point? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2014 : Legacies, Clouds, Uncertainties

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498331555

Keywords: public investment, current account, gas, current account balance, natural gas

Global current account (“flow”) imbalances have narrowed significantly since their peak in 2006, and their configuration has changed markedly in the process. The imbalances that used to be the m...

Chapter 8. Financial Inclusion in Mozambique

Chapter 8. Financial Inclusion in Mozambique »

Source: Mozambique Rising : Building a New Tomorrow

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Doris Ross , Victor Lledo , Alex Segura-Ubiergo , Yuan Xiao , Iyabo Masha , Alun Thomas , and Keiichiro Inui

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2014

ISBN: 9781475565102

Keywords: Demographic transition, Economic growth, Dutch disease, Agricultural sector, Employment, Economic policy, Job creation, Natural resources, Natural gas, Mozambique

Access to finance remains problematic in Mozambique. According to the FinScope 2012 survey, 75 percent of micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) are financially excluded—that is, they do not use...

CHAPTER 8. Global Imbalances: In Midstream?

CHAPTER 8. Global Imbalances: In Midstream? »

Source: Reconstructing the World Economy

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Il SaKong , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2010

ISBN: 9781589069770

Keywords: inflation, current account, financial system, central bank, monetary policy

Before the crisis, there were strong arguments for reducing global imbalances. As a result of the crisis, there have been significant changes in saving and investment patterns across the world and imbalances...

CHAPTER 1. GLOBAL PROSPECTS AND POLICIES

CHAPTER 1. GLOBAL PROSPECTS AND POLICIES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2008 : Financial Stress, Downturns, and Recoveries

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067585

Keywords: inflation, current account, fiscal policy, monetary policy, commodity prices

This chapter opens with an overview of a global economy under stress. It then examines the expanding financial crisis and its macroeconomic implications in more detail, as well as the imbalances in housing a...

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2009 : Crisis and Recovery

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2009

ISBN: 9781589068063

Keywords: recessions, recession, emerging economies, financial crisis, financial crises

Figure 1.1. Global Indicators 1 (Annual percent change unless otherwise noted) The global econo...

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2009 : Sustaining the Recovery

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2009

ISBN: 9781589068070

Keywords: monetary policy, current account, inflation, banking crises, banking

The Global Recession Is Ending The global economy appears to be expanding again, pulled up by the strong performance of Asian economies and stabilization or modest recovery elsewhere...

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

The stubbornly high incidence of extreme poverty in many parts of the world remains one of the greatest challenges facing the international community. The International Development Goals adopted by United Na...

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Poor Countries

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Poor Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

The Committee urges all those with a stake in the HIPC Initiative to work for faster and effective implementation, and to give the HIPC process the highest priority so that as many countries as...

Chapter 9. Reaping the Benefits of Financial Globalization

Chapter 9. Reaping the Benefits of Financial Globalization »

Source: Macrofinancial Linkages : Trends, Crises, and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , Simon Johnson , Jonathan Ostry , and Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2010

ISBN: 9781589069398

Keywords: financial integration, financial liberalization, corporate governance, financial globalization, banking crises

9.1. Introduction Financial globalization—defined as the extent to which countries are linked through cross-border financial holdings, and proxied in this chapter by the sum of count...