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Chapter 5. GLOBALIZATION, COMMODITY PRICES, AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Chapter 5. GLOBALIZATION, COMMODITY PRICES, AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067196

Keywords: commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

Over the past couple of decades, and in particular over the past few years, many developing and emerging economies have become steadily more integrated into the world economy. International trade, in both ma...

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

This chapter reviews the experience of economic growth during the twentieth century in the context of trends in globalization and with a view to highlighting implications relevant to early twenty-first centu...

Chapter III. HOW WILL DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AFFECT THE GLOBAL ECONOMY?

Chapter III. HOW WILL DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AFFECT THE GLOBAL ECONOMY? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2004 : The Global Demographic Transition

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589064065

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rate, oil prices, payments

It seems possible that a society in which the proportion of young people is diminishing will become dangerously unprogressive, falling behind other communities not o...

CHAPTER 2 IMF Country, Global, and Regional Surveillance

CHAPTER 2 IMF Country, Global, and Regional Surveillance »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

Central to the IMF’s mandate of improving the operation of the international monetary system is its oversight (or “surveillance”) of the economic and financial policies of its member countries. IMF surveilla...

Chapter 13. Inclusive Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Six Countries during the Recent High-Growth Period

Chapter 13. Inclusive Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Six Countries during the Recent High-Growth Period »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction Most countries in sub-Saharan Africa experienced a period of high economic growth beginning in the mid-1990s, leading to renewed optimism about the region’s development...

Chapter IV. Sustaining Growth in Africa

Chapter IV. Sustaining Growth in Africa »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2005: Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451950298

Keywords: Economic conditions

Are improvements in growth in SSA since the mid-1990s sustainable? This chapter 1 examines this question in three stages. First, it explores the factors contributing to this recen...

CHAPTER IV. Sustaining Growth in Africa

CHAPTER IV. Sustaining Growth in Africa »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2005, Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2005

ISBN: 9781589064430

Keywords: oil-producing countries, exchange rate regime, exchange rate, floating exchange rate, floating exchange rate regime

Are improvements in growth in SSA since the mid-1990s sustainable? This chapter 1 examines this question in three stages. First, it explores the factors contributing to this recen...

Chapter 5. Metal Prices Signal Global Economic Shifts

Chapter 5. Metal Prices Signal Global Economic Shifts »

Source: Shifting Commodity Markets in a Globalized World

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , and Akito Matsumoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484310328

Keywords: Energy and Commodity Markets; Boom and Bust; Volatility; Global Economy

Metal prices have been declining since 2011 after a long upward trend that began in the early 2000s (Figure 5.1). Some analysts consider this to be a signal that we are nearing the end of the so-called commo...

Chapter 12. Natural Resources, Volatility, and Inclusive Growth: Perspectives from the Middle East and North Africa

Chapter 12. Natural Resources, Volatility, and Inclusive Growth: Perspectives from the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction Countries endowed with natural resources such as oil and gas are faced with important economic challenges. Those challenges are of both a short- and long-term nature (se...

Chapter 3. Perspectives on Global Real Interest Rates

Chapter 3. Perspectives on Global Real Interest Rates »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2014 : Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484308349

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, real interest rates, gdp growth, real rates

Real interest rates worldwide have declined substantially since the 1980s and are now in slightly negative territory. Common factors account for much of these movements, highlighting the relevan...