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Chapter 16. Pacific Island Countries: Trade Integration in a Changing Global Economy

Chapter 16. Pacific Island Countries: Trade Integration in a Changing Global Economy »

Source: Resilience and Growth in the Small States of the Pacific

Series: Books

Author(s): Hoe Khor , Roger Kronenberg , and Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513507521

Keywords: Pacific islands, small states, natural disasters, climate change, foreign aid, resilience, dispersion, distance, remoteness, fisheries

Trade integration is widely considered to be essential for economic development and prosperity in Pacific island countries (PICs). 1 This thinking is not without theoretical or em...

Chapter 3. Perspectives on Global Real Interest Rates

Chapter 3. Perspectives on Global Real Interest Rates »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2014 : Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484308349

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, real interest rates, gdp growth, real rates

Real interest rates worldwide have declined substantially since the 1980s and are now in slightly negative territory. Common factors account for much of these movements, highlighting the relevan...

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Poor Countries

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Poor Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

The Committee urges all those with a stake in the HIPC Initiative to work for faster and effective implementation, and to give the HIPC process the highest priority so that as many countries as...

4. Confronting the Ongoing Global Crisis

4. Confronting the Ongoing Global Crisis »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2013 : Promoting a More Secure and Stable Global Economy

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2013

ISBN: 9781475515398

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, debt relief, public debt, capital flows

Managing Director’s Global Policy Agenda In October 2012, the Managing...

The Cross-Country Incidence of the Global Crisis1

The Cross-Country Incidence of the Global Crisis1 »

Source: The Cross-Country Incidence of the Global Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2010/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201822

Keywords: private credit, international financial integration, output growth, current account balance, short-term debt,

We examine whether the cross-country incidence and severity of the 2008-2009 global recession is systematically related to pre-crisis macroeconomic and financial factors. We find that the pre-crisis level of develo...

Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid

Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid »

Source: Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid

Volume/Issue: 2005/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Boriana Yontcheva , and Nadia Masud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861198

Keywords: Official Development Aid, NGOs, Panel Data Econometrics, infant mortality, mortality rates, aid effectiveness,

This paper assesses the effectiveness of foreign aid in reducing poverty through its impact on human development indicators. We use a dataset of both bilateral aid and NGO aid flows. Our results show that NGO aid r...

Emerging from the Global Crisis: Macroeconomic Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Emerging from the Global Crisis: Macroeconomic Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries »

Source: Is South Africa Receiving More than Its Fair Share of Portfolio Flows?

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Gavin Gray , and Tamon Asonuma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2011

ISBN: 9781475506952

This paper develops an empirical model of the drivers of portfolio flows, and concludes that South Africa has indeed received greater bond flows than can be explained by macroeconomic fundamentals. Bond flows in th...

Finances, Organization, and Accountability

Finances, Organization, and Accountability »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2015 : Tackling Challenges Together

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2015

ISBN: 9781475544886

Keywords: debt, imf, tax, interest, investment

In FY2015, the IMF operated within an unchanged budget envelope in real terms. This was the third year in row. Greater utilization and reallocation of the budget enabled the IMF to meet new demands. The IMF’...

Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution

Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution »

Source: Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution

Volume/Issue: 2002/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451842050

Keywords: Financial crises, poverty line, incidence of poverty, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty,

Developing and transition economies are prone to financial crises, including balance of payments and banking crises. These crises affect poverty and the distribution of income through a variety of channels: slowdow...

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Source: Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...