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Albania: Third Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Request for a Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Financing Assurances Review

Albania: Third Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Request for a Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Financing Assurances Review »

Source: Albania : Third Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Request for a Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Financing Assurances Review

Volume/Issue: 2004/22

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2004

ISBN: 9781451800678

Keywords: budget, debt, interest, external debt, revenues

The economy has thus far been fairly resilient to recent political uncertainties, although the reform process has been adversely affected. Continued growth will depend to a large extent on higher private investment...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

8 Challenges Posed by the Globalization of Finance and Risk

8 Challenges Posed by the Globalization of Finance and Risk »

Source: Safeguarding Financial Stability : Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064409

Keywords: credit, financial system, otc, financial institutions

While it is reasonable to presume that the structural financial changes that occurred in international markets since the mid- to late 1970s have been beneficial overall, it would be complacent to ignore, and...

CHAPTER 1. ASSESSING RISKS TO GLOBAL FINANCIAL STABILITY

CHAPTER 1. ASSESSING RISKS TO GLOBAL FINANCIAL STABILITY »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2007 : Financial Market Turbulence Causes, Consequences, and Policies

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066762

Keywords: capital inflows, hedge funds, hedge, risk management, financial stability

Following an extended period of exceptionally favorable financial market conditions, international markets have entered a difficult period. The current episode of turbulence represents the first significant...

Chapter 4. Changing Global Financial Structures: Can They Improve Economic Outcomes?

Chapter 4. Changing Global Financial Structures: Can They Improve Economic Outcomes? »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2012 : Summary version

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 November 2012

ISBN: 9781616353902

Keywords: bond, banking, bonds, financial stability, credit

Summary The global financial crisis has required policymakers to reconsider the role that the structure of their financial systems plays in achieving good economic outcomes. A number...

CHAPTER 4 Global Liquidity Expansion: Effects on “Receiving” Economies and Policy Response Options

CHAPTER 4 Global Liquidity Expansion: Effects on “Receiving” Economies and Policy Response Options »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, April 2010 : Meeting New Challenges to Stability and Building a Safer System

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2010

ISBN: 9781589069169

Keywords: loans, capital inflows, interest, debt, financial stability

Summary The transmission of abundant global liquidity and the accompanying surge in capital flows to economies with comparatively higher interest rates and a stronger growth outlook...

CHAPTER II GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENTS

CHAPTER II GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENTS »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, April 2004 : Market Developments and Issues

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063280

Keywords: bond, bonds, hedge, pension, hedge funds

Exceptionally low short-term interest rates in the major financial centers contributed to resurgent economic growth and rising corporate earnings and to progress in strengthening corporate balance sheets, th...

CHAPTER II GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENTS

CHAPTER II GLOBAL FINANCIAL MARKET DEVELOPMENTS »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, September 2004 : Market Developments and Issues

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063785

Keywords: pension, pension funds, hedge, hedge funds, pension fund

Financial markets are adjusting with equanimity to the onset of the interest rate tightening cycle. The well-crafted communications strategy of the U.S. Federal Reserve Board prepared markets fully for the f...

Chapter III. Aspects of Global Asset Allocation

Chapter III. Aspects of Global Asset Allocation »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, September 2005 : Aspects of Global Asset Allocation

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451969535

Keywords: investors, pension, mutual funds, institutional investors, pension funds

The factors that determine changes in asset allocation and, hence, capital flows across national borders and sectors have important implications for the conduct of surveillance of g...

CHAPTER III THE GLOBALIZATION OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS AND ITS IMPLICATION FOR FINANCIAL STABILITY

CHAPTER III THE GLOBALIZATION OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS AND ITS IMPLICATION FOR FINANCIAL STABILITY »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, April 2007 : Market Developments and Issues

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589066373

Keywords: hedge funds, hedge, financial stability, bond, banking

The globalization of financial institutions appears to have accelerated over the past decade and has important implications for financial stability. 1 This chapter reviews develop...