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			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Source: Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...

Globalization and Corporate Taxation1

Globalization and Corporate Taxation1 »

Source: Globalization and Corporate Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2012/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Dennis Quinn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2012

ISBN: 9781557754752

Keywords: Corporate tax rates, Strategic behavior, taxation, tax policy, fiscal affairs, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

This paper analyzes the extent to which the degree of international economic integration, both financial and trade, affects corporate tax rates. It explores this issue in the context of strategic behavior by countr...

Proposal to Distribute Remaining Windfall Gold Sales Profits and Strategy to Make the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust Sustainable

Proposal to Distribute Remaining Windfall Gold Sales Profits and Strategy to Make the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust Sustainable »

Volume/Issue: 2012/082

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498339858.007

ISBN: 9781498339858

Keywords: Administered accounts, Executive Board decisions, Gold sales by Fund, Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust, Profits, Resource allocation, Subsidy accounts, Use of Fund resources, Financial statements, Gold sales

This paper revisits the use of the remaining gold sales windfall profits (SDR 1.75 billion). Directors previously considered three main options: using them as part of a strategy to boost the capacity of the PRGT; c...

Fiscal Consolidation in Israel
			: A Global Fiscal Model Perspective

Fiscal Consolidation in Israel : A Global Fiscal Model Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2006/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natan Epstein , Selim Elekdag , and Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865134.001

ISBN: 9781451865134

Keywords: distortionary taxes, tax cuts, government deficit, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

Fiscal consolidation has become an important policy prescription for many emerging market countries (EMCs), particularly for the highly indebted ones. Although prudent fiscal policies tend to reduce vulnerabilities...

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393178.001

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...

Globalization and Corporate Taxation

Globalization and Corporate Taxation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Dennis Quinn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754752.001

ISBN: 9781557754752

Keywords: Corporate tax rates, Strategic behavior, taxation, tax policy, fiscal affairs, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

This paper analyzes the extent to which the degree of international economic integration, both financial and trade, affects corporate tax rates. It explores this issue in the context of strategic behavior by countr...

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation »

Volume/Issue: 2001/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chandra Bhambhri , and Parkash Chander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854909.001

ISBN: 9781451854909

Keywords: subsidy, reforms, quality, deadweight loss, budgetary constraints, fiscal savings, fiscal balance, Consumer Economics: Theory, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents

This paper presents a general framework for characterizing the optimal pattern of subsidies for poverty alleviation under budgetary constraints and suggests possible reforms for the existing pattern of subsidies. T...

Tax Reform and Debt Sustainability in Germany
			: An Assessment Using the Global Fiscal Model

Tax Reform and Debt Sustainability in Germany : An Assessment Using the Global Fiscal Model »

Volume/Issue: 2007/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dennis Botman , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866100.001

ISBN: 9781451866100

Keywords: Aging, Debt sustainability, Economic models, Fiscal policy, Germany, Tax reforms, Value added tax, VAT, tax reform, spillover effects

In 2005, the German government announced a far-reaching fiscal adjustment program. This paper uses the IMF's Global Fiscal Model to study its impact and explores options for addressing long-term pressures from popu...

Proposal to Distribute Remaining Windfall Gold Sales Profits and Strategy to Make the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust Sustainable

Proposal to Distribute Remaining Windfall Gold Sales Profits and Strategy to Make the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust Sustainable »

Source: Proposal to Distribute Remaining Windfall Gold Sales Profits and Strategy to Make the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust Sustainable

Volume/Issue: 2012/082

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2012

ISBN: 9781498339858

Keywords: Administered accounts, Executive Board decisions, Gold sales by Fund, Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust, Profits, Resource allocation, Subsidy accounts, Use of Fund resources, Financial statements, Gold sales

This paper revisits the use of the remaining gold sales windfall profits (SDR 1.75 billion). Directors previously considered three main options: using them as part of a strategy to boost the capacity of the PRGT; c...