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The Case for Global Fiscal Stimulus1

The Case for Global Fiscal Stimulus1 »

Source: The Case for Global Fiscal Stimulus

Volume/Issue: 2009/03

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Douglas Laxton , Michael Kumhof , and Charles Freedman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 March 2009

ISBN: 9781455268368

Keywords: Financial sector, Financial crisis, Economic models, Central banks, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Spillovers, Stabilization measures, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

...

Consumption and Income Inequality During the Transition to a Market Economy: Poland, 1985–1992

Consumption and Income Inequality During the Transition to a Market Economy: Poland, 1985–1992 »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 47, Special Issue, IMF Annual Research Conference,

Volume: 47

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood , and Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451963090

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real exchange rate, balance of payments

This paper presents a broad overview of postwar analytical thinking on international macroeconomics, culminating in a more detailed discussion of recent progress. The paper reviews important empirical evidence that...

II The Global Real Interest Rate

II The Global Real Interest Rate »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754998

Keywords: unemployment, direct investment, foreign direct investment, real interest rates, employment

The global real interest rate is arguably the most important price in world financial markets. It determines the rate at which agents in the world economy are willing to substitute today’s consumption for co...

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

The Case for Global Fiscal Stimulus

The Case for Global Fiscal Stimulus »

Volume/Issue: 2009/03

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Douglas Laxton , Michael Kumhof , and Charles Freedman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455268368.004

ISBN: 9781455268368

Keywords: Financial sector, Financial crisis, Economic models, Central banks, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Spillovers, Stabilization measures, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

...

Is Africa Integrated in the Global Economy?

Is Africa Integrated in the Global Economy? »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 50, No. 3

Volume: 50

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2003

ISBN: 9781589062030

Keywords: unit root, real exchange rate, confidence intervals, confidence interval, serial correlation

This paper analyzes the issue of purchasing power parity using real effective exchange rate (REER) data for 20 industrial countries in the post-Bretton Woods period. The serial correlation-robust median-unbiased es...

IV A Globally Consistent Conceptual Framework

IV A Globally Consistent Conceptual Framework »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessment : Extension of the Macroeconomic Balance Approach

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Isard , and Hamid Faruqee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 1998

ISBN: 9781557757319

Keywords: Exchange rates, current account, exchange rate, real exchange rate, current accounts

The conceptual framework described in Section II emphasizes the fact that the current account can be viewed from at least two different perspectives. On the one hand, the current account is the result of int...

Limits of Conditionality in Poverty Reduction Programs

Limits of Conditionality in Poverty Reduction Programs »

Source: IMF Staff Papers : Volume 49: Special Issue: IMF Annual Research Conference

Volume: 49

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2002

ISBN: 9781589061231

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange, exchange rates, real exchange rate, real interest, IMF Staff papers,

...

VII Methodology for Calculating Equilibrium Exchange Rates and Question of Global Consistency

VII Methodology for Calculating Equilibrium Exchange Rates and Question of Global Consistency »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessment : Extension of the Macroeconomic Balance Approach

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Isard , and Hamid Faruqee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 1998

ISBN: 9781557757319

Keywords: Exchange rates, current account, exchange rate, real exchange rate, current accounts

As described in Section II, the first two steps in the exchange rate assessment process generate estimates of underlying current account positions and of equilibrium saving-investment or current account bala...