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Disparities in Global Integration

Disparities in Global Integration »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451952230

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, public spending, government expenditure

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

The Distributional Bias of Public Education

The Distributional Bias of Public Education »

Source: The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

Expenditure Issues and Governance in Central America

Expenditure Issues and Governance in Central America »

Source: Expenditure Issues and Governance in Central America

Volume/Issue: 2002/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ana Corbacho , and Hamid Davoodi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859522

Keywords: Expenditure issues, inequality, social safety nets, Central America, public spending, primary education, health care, health spending, educational attainment, Health

This paper analyzes Central America's track record on inequality, poverty, and quality of fiscal adjustment in relation to economic growth; health and education outcomes; adequacy of social safety nets; and governa...

17 Foreign Aid and Consumption Smoothing: Evidence from Global Food Aid

17 Foreign Aid and Consumption Smoothing: Evidence from Global Food Aid »

Source: Helping Countries Develop : The Role of Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063181

Keywords: food aid, expenditure, fiscal policy, public spending, per

1. Introduction The debate on aid effectiveness has largely focused on the impact of aggregate “development assistance” on economic growth or economic development more broadly (Easte...

Global Health Threats of the 21st Century: The world is a healthier place today but major issues continue to confront humanity

Global Health Threats of the 21st Century: The world is a healthier place today but major issues continue to confront humanity »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2014

Volume/Issue: 51/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 November 2014

ISBN: 9781484315422

Keywords: Finance and Development, health, public health, public health spending, health care, primary health care

This chapter emphasizes the importance of health policy and its implementation and connection to economic growth. The chapter also offers a different view of progress in the provision of better health facilities. T...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1 »

Source: Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...

How the Bank Finances Its Operations: A sound management record helps in raising funds globally

How the Bank Finances Its Operations: A sound management record helps in raising funds globally »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1988

ISBN: 9781616353742

Keywords: public spending, public finance, tax systems, foreign borrowing, income taxes

This paper describes the need to improve public finance for development. The paper underscores that public finance affects aggregate resource use and, together with monetary and exchange rate policies, influences t...

III Key Features I and 2: Broad Ownership and Participation and Embedding the PRGF in the Overall Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction

III Key Features I and 2: Broad Ownership and Participation and Embedding the PRGF in the Overall Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

The interrelated key features 1 and 2 set out several aspects of the expected relationship between the PRGF-supported program and the PRSP. Specifically. PRGF-supported programs should be consistent with, an...

The Imf’S Year in Review: Taking the Global Pulse

The Imf’S Year in Review: Taking the Global Pulse »

Source: IMF inFocus, Supplement to the IMF Survey, Volume 34

Volume/Issue: 34/5

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451951424

Keywords: financial systems, international community, public spending, policy advice

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Cameroon
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper:  Joint Staff Advisory Note

Cameroon : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Joint Staff Advisory Note »

Volume/Issue: 2010/258

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455205769.002

ISBN: 9781455205769

Keywords: expenditure, gross capital formation, public spending, regional integration, medium-term expenditure framework

The government of Cameroon adopted its first Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) to define the overall framework for its development policies. To adjust the overall objectives and address the weaknesses of the...