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The Distributional Bias of Public Education

The Distributional Bias of Public Education »

Source: The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

Expenditure Issues and Governance in Central America

Expenditure Issues and Governance in Central America »

Source: Expenditure Issues and Governance in Central America

Volume/Issue: 2002/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ana Corbacho , and Hamid Davoodi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859522

Keywords: Expenditure issues, inequality, social safety nets, Central America, public spending, primary education, health care, health spending, educational attainment, Health

This paper analyzes Central America's track record on inequality, poverty, and quality of fiscal adjustment in relation to economic growth; health and education outcomes; adequacy of social safety nets; and governa...

17 Foreign Aid and Consumption Smoothing: Evidence from Global Food Aid

17 Foreign Aid and Consumption Smoothing: Evidence from Global Food Aid »

Source: Helping Countries Develop : The Role of Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063181

Keywords: food aid, expenditure, fiscal policy, public spending, per

1. Introduction The debate on aid effectiveness has largely focused on the impact of aggregate “development assistance” on economic growth or economic development more broadly (Easte...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1 »

Source: Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...

III Key Features I and 2: Broad Ownership and Participation and Embedding the PRGF in the Overall Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction

III Key Features I and 2: Broad Ownership and Participation and Embedding the PRGF in the Overall Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

The interrelated key features 1 and 2 set out several aspects of the expected relationship between the PRGF-supported program and the PRSP. Specifically. PRGF-supported programs should be consistent with, an...

Cameroon
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper:  Joint Staff Advisory Note

Cameroon : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper: Joint Staff Advisory Note »

Volume/Issue: 2010/258

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455205769.002

ISBN: 9781455205769

Keywords: expenditure, gross capital formation, public spending, regional integration, medium-term expenditure framework

The government of Cameroon adopted its first Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) to define the overall framework for its development policies. To adjust the overall objectives and address the weaknesses of the...

Georgia
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report:  Joint Staff Advisory Note

Georgia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report: Joint Staff Advisory Note »

Volume/Issue: 2006/361

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451814637.002

ISBN: 9781451814637

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, mtef, poverty reduction strategy paper, expenditure, public spending

The implementation of Georgia's poverty reduction strategy has proceeded well, with impressive achievements in curbing corruption, improving the business climate, and continued improvement in public finances. Parti...

Honduras
			: Joint Staff Advisory Note on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Second Annual Progress Report

Honduras : Joint Staff Advisory Note on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Second Annual Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2005/387

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451817140.002

ISBN: 9781451817140

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, macroeconomic framework, poverty reduction strategy paper, tax reform, public spending

The Joint Staff Advisory Note on Honduras's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Second Annual Progress Report is presented. The framework, which is consistent with the government's economic program being supported by...

Honduras
			: Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Honduras : Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2005/12

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451817089.002

ISBN: 9781451817089

Keywords: poverty reduction strategy, macroeconomic framework, public spending, poverty reduction strategy paper, tax reform

The paper discusses the Joint Staff Assessment (JSA) of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Progress Report for Honduras. The first PRSP Progress Report of the Government of Honduras presents a complete rev...

Nicaragua
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Second Progress Report

Nicaragua : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Second Progress Report »

Volume/Issue: 2004/13

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451829167.002

ISBN: 9781451829167

Keywords: maternal mortality, public spending, fiscal equity, mortality rate, births

The government of Nicaragua has worked toward adopting the necessary economic measures to put the country's economy on the course of fiscal sustainability and those that guarantee transparent and austere management...