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The Endogenous Skill Bias of Technical Change and Inequality in Developing Countries

The Endogenous Skill Bias of Technical Change and Inequality in Developing Countries »

Source: The Endogenous Skill Bias of Technical Change and Inequality in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2013/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Behar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475536959

Keywords: Skill-biased Technical Change, skilled workers, unskilled labor, trade liberalization, unskilled workers, General, Technological Change: Choices and Consequences,

This paper draws on existing empirical literature and an original theoretical model to argue that globalization and skill supply affect the extent to which technology adoption in developing countries favors skilled...

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies1

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies1 »

Source: The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2018/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitali Das , and Benjamin Hilgenstock

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484361900

Keywords: Labor markets, Globalization, Income distribution, Information technology, Employment, Developing countries, Wages, Labor force, Polarization, routine occupations

Evidence that the automation of routine tasks has contributed to the polarization of labor markets has been documented for many developed economies, but little is known about its incidence in developing economies....

Global Market Power and its Macroeconomic Implications

Global Market Power and its Macroeconomic Implications »

Source: Global Market Power and its Macroeconomic Implications

Volume/Issue: 2018/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Federico Diez , Daniel Leigh , and Suchanan Tambunlertchai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484361672

Keywords: Investment, Market power, markup, concentration, innovation, labor share, General

We estimate the evolution of markups of publicly traded firms in 74 economies from 1980-2016. In advanced economies, markups have increased by an average of 39 percent since 1980. The increase is broad-based across...

Global Market Power and its Macroeconomic Implications

Global Market Power and its Macroeconomic Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2018/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Federico Diez , Daniel Leigh , and Suchanan Tambunlertchai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484361672.001

ISBN: 9781484361672

Keywords: Investment, Market power, markup, concentration, innovation, labor share, General

We estimate the evolution of markups of publicly traded firms in 74 economies from 1980-2016. In advanced economies, markups have increased by an average of 39 percent since 1980. The increase is broad-based across...

Poverty, Inequality, and Unethical Behavior of the Strong

Poverty, Inequality, and Unethical Behavior of the Strong »

Volume/Issue: 2000/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arye Hillman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859508.001

ISBN: 9781451859508

Keywords: government, ethics, Nietzsche, political economy, political culture, income distribution, political authority, forced labor

This paper is concerned with economic consequences of unethical governance. A framework is set out, based on principles of Friedrich Nietzsche, that ties poverty and inequality to unethical behavior of the strong t...

South Africa
			: Labor Market Dynamics and Inequality

South Africa : Labor Market Dynamics and Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2016/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Siddharth Kothari , and Naresh Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498358934.001

ISBN: 9781498358934

Keywords: Unemployment, South Africa, Labor market transitions, Inequality

This paper analyzes the determinants of high unemployment in South Africa by studying labor market dynamics using individual level panel data from the Quarterly Labor Force Survey. While prior work experience and g...

The Endogenous Skill Bias of Technical Change and Inequality in Developing Countries

The Endogenous Skill Bias of Technical Change and Inequality in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2013/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Behar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536959.001

ISBN: 9781475536959

Keywords: Skill-biased Technical Change, skilled workers, unskilled labor, trade liberalization, unskilled workers, General, Technological Change: Choices and Consequences,

This paper draws on existing empirical literature and an original theoretical model to argue that globalization and skill supply affect the extent to which technology adoption in developing countries favors skilled...

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2018/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitali Das , and Benjamin Hilgenstock

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484361900.001

ISBN: 9781484361900

Keywords: Labor markets, Globalization, Income distribution, Information technology, Employment, Developing countries, Wages, Labor force, Polarization, routine occupations

Evidence that the automation of routine tasks has contributed to the polarization of labor markets has been documented for many developed economies, but little is known about its incidence in developing economies....

Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality
			: Evidence From India

Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality : Evidence From India »

Volume/Issue: 2005/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prachi Mishra , and Utsav Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860399.001

ISBN: 9781451860399

Keywords: wage premium, wage, unskilled workers, wage differentials, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

We evaluate empirically the impact of the dramatic 1991 trade liberalization in India on the industry wage structure. The empirical strategy uses variation in industry wage premiums and trade policy across industri...

Why Is Labor Receiving a Smaller Share of Global Income? Theory and Empirical Evidence

Why Is Labor Receiving a Smaller Share of Global Income? Theory and Empirical Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2017/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mai Chi Dao , Mitali Das , Zsoka Koczan , and Weicheng Lian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484311042.001

ISBN: 9781484311042

Keywords: labor share, routinization, automation, global value chains, Aggregate Factor Income Distribution, Globalization: Labor, Technological Change: Choices and Consequences

This paper documents the downward trend in the labor share of global income since the early 1990s, as well as its heterogeneous evolution across countries, industries and worker skill groups, using a newly assemble...