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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion »

Source: Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion : New Mechanisms, New Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Jorge Alvarez , Raphael Espinoza , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484337127

Keywords: Labor force participation, Gender, Diversity, Gender Diversity; Female Labor Force Participation; Production Function; Structural Transformation

While progress has been made in increasing female labor force participation (FLFP) in the last 20 years, large gaps remain. The latest Fund research shows that improving gender diversity can result in larger econom...

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies1

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies1 »

Source: The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2018/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitali Das , and Benjamin Hilgenstock

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484361900

Keywords: Labor markets, Globalization, Income distribution, Information technology, Employment, Developing countries, Wages, Labor force, Polarization, routine occupations

Evidence that the automation of routine tasks has contributed to the polarization of labor markets has been documented for many developed economies, but little is known about its incidence in developing economies....

Global Market Power and its Macroeconomic Implications

Global Market Power and its Macroeconomic Implications »

Source: Global Market Power and its Macroeconomic Implications

Volume/Issue: 2018/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Federico Diez , Daniel Leigh , and Suchanan Tambunlertchai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484361672

Keywords: Investment, Market power, markup, concentration, innovation, labor share, General

We estimate the evolution of markups of publicly traded firms in 74 economies from 1980-2016. In advanced economies, markups have increased by an average of 39 percent since 1980. The increase is broad-based across...

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion
			: New Mechanisms, New Evidence

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion : New Mechanisms, New Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Jorge Alvarez , Raphael Espinoza , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337127.006

ISBN: 9781484337127

Keywords: Labor force participation, Gender, Diversity, Gender Diversity; Female Labor Force Participation; Production Function; Structural Transformation

While progress has been made in increasing female labor force participation (FLFP) in the last 20 years, large gaps remain. The latest Fund research shows that improving gender diversity can result in larger econom...

Gone with the Headwinds
			: Global Productivity

Gone with the Headwinds : Global Productivity »

Volume/Issue: 2017/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gustavo Adler , Romain Duval , Davide Furceri , Sinem K?l?ç Çelik , Ksenia Koloskova , and Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589672.006

ISBN: 9781475589672

Keywords: Labor productivity, Total factor productivity, Economic growth, Financial crisis, Fiscal policy, Labor Productivity, Total factor Productivity, Growth

Productivity growth-the key driver of living standards-fell sharply following the global financial crisis and has remained sluggish since, adding to a slowdown already in train before. Building on new research, thi...

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union »

Volume/Issue: 2018/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tingyun Chen , Jean-Jacques Hallaert , Alexander Pitt , Haonan Qu , Maximilien Queyranne , Alaina Rhee , Anna Shabunina , Jérôme Vandenbussche , and Irene Yackovlev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484338445.006

ISBN: 9781484338445

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Labor market policy, Labor policy, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality, Inequality, Poverty, Europe, Redistribution

This SDN studies the evolution of inequality across age groups leading up to and since the global financial crisis, as well as implications for fiscal and labor policies. Europe's population is aging, child and you...

Global Market Power and its Macroeconomic Implications

Global Market Power and its Macroeconomic Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2018/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Federico Diez , Daniel Leigh , and Suchanan Tambunlertchai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484361672.001

ISBN: 9781484361672

Keywords: Investment, Market power, markup, concentration, innovation, labor share, General

We estimate the evolution of markups of publicly traded firms in 74 economies from 1980-2016. In advanced economies, markups have increased by an average of 39 percent since 1980. The increase is broad-based across...

South Africa
			: Labor Market Dynamics and Inequality

South Africa : Labor Market Dynamics and Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2016/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Siddharth Kothari , and Naresh Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498358934.001

ISBN: 9781498358934

Keywords: Unemployment, South Africa, Labor market transitions, Inequality

This paper analyzes the determinants of high unemployment in South Africa by studying labor market dynamics using individual level panel data from the Quarterly Labor Force Survey. While prior work experience and g...

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2018/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitali Das , and Benjamin Hilgenstock

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484361900.001

ISBN: 9781484361900

Keywords: Labor markets, Globalization, Income distribution, Information technology, Employment, Developing countries, Wages, Labor force, Polarization, routine occupations

Evidence that the automation of routine tasks has contributed to the polarization of labor markets has been documented for many developed economies, but little is known about its incidence in developing economies....

Why Is Labor Receiving a Smaller Share of Global Income? Theory and Empirical Evidence

Why Is Labor Receiving a Smaller Share of Global Income? Theory and Empirical Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2017/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mai Chi Dao , Mitali Das , Zsoka Koczan , and Weicheng Lian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484311042.001

ISBN: 9781484311042

Keywords: labor share, routinization, automation, global value chains, Aggregate Factor Income Distribution, Globalization: Labor, Technological Change: Choices and Consequences

This paper documents the downward trend in the labor share of global income since the early 1990s, as well as its heterogeneous evolution across countries, industries and worker skill groups, using a newly assemble...