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Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in export composition by trading partner strongly reflect the emergence of EMEs (Figure A4.1). As a consequence, those countries more strongly exposed to EMEs generally expe...

Benefits of Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America

Benefits of Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America »

Source: Benefits of Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2017/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Diva Singh , and Bennett Sutton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475568684

Keywords: Latin America, Financial integration, International financial markets, Growth, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration

The timing is ripe to pursue greater regional financial integration in Latin America given the withdrawal of some global banks from the region and the weakening of growth prospects. Important initiatives are ongoin...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Chapter 2. Benefits of More Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America

Chapter 2. Benefits of More Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

After a period of endemic economic and financial crises during the 1980s to 1990s, many Latin American countries opened up their previously closed economies to international financial institutions at the tur...

Chapter 3. Caribbean Tourism in the Global Marketplace: Trends, Drivers, and Challenges

Chapter 3. Caribbean Tourism in the Global Marketplace: Trends, Drivers, and Challenges »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction The Caribbean region is highly dependent on tourism. The role of tourism in economic activity in the region increased steadily following the dismantling of the system of...

Chapter 9. Financial Development and Inclusion in the Caribbean

Chapter 9. Financial Development and Inclusion in the Caribbean »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction Financial development, by providing agents with better market access, liquidity, and diversity of instruments, has the potential to unleash new growth sources and help c...

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A highly disaggregated sectoral level approach is used to examine the impact of relative price changes on trade flows and structures. The impact of such macroeconomic policies is often analyzed at the level...

Chapter 4. Implications of Global Financial Integration for Monetary Policy in Latin America

Chapter 4. Implications of Global Financial Integration for Monetary Policy in Latin America »

Source: Challenges for Central Banking : Perspectives from Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): Luis I. Jacome H. , Yan Carriere-Swallow , Hamid Faruqee , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513591766

Keywords: central banking, Latin America, monetary independence, economic integration, term premium, monetary policy, forward guidance, macroprudential policies, monetary frameworks, reserve requirements

Financial asset markets around the world have grown increasingly interconnected, and many economies in Latin America have been no exception. This chapter assesses two aspects of monetary policy in the region...

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A. The Diffusion of Key Players in Global Trade Emerging market economies have moved from peripheral players to major centers of global trade. Figure 2 shows the evolution of key pla...