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Central America
			: Global Integration and Regional Cooperation

Central America : Global Integration and Regional Cooperation »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064461.084

ISBN: 9781589064461

Keywords: Tax administration, Statistics, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, free trade, trade diversion

Central America has received growing attention as a region that is integrating successfully into the global economy. This paper examines-among other things-the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of the Free Trad...

The Global Effects of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs

The Global Effects of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Morris Goldstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934577.084

ISBN: 9780939934577

Keywords: export prices, exchange rate, world trade, world exports, total exports

This is the second of a group of papers dealing with various aspects of Fund-supported adjustment Programs....

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

IV A Globally Consistent Conceptual Framework

IV A Globally Consistent Conceptual Framework »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessment : Extension of the Macroeconomic Balance Approach

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Isard , and Hamid Faruqee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 1998

ISBN: 9781557757319

Keywords: Exchange rates, current account, exchange rate, real exchange rate, current accounts

The conceptual framework described in Section II emphasizes the fact that the current account can be viewed from at least two different perspectives. On the one hand, the current account is the result of int...

IV Global Effects of Changes in Imports in Program Countries

IV Global Effects of Changes in Imports in Program Countries »

Source: The Global Effects of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Morris Goldstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934577

Keywords: export prices, exchange rate, world trade, world exports, total exports

The broad characteristics of program countries that were reviewed in Section III are helpful as a indication of their potential to influence macroeconomic developments in the rest of the world. In order, how...

Part I: Mechanisms for Promoting Global Monetary Stability

Part I: Mechanisms for Promoting Global Monetary Stability »

Source: Policy Issues in the Evolving International Monetary System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Taylor , Peter Isard , Morris Goldstein , and Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1992

ISBN: 9781557752345

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, inflation, monetary fund, monetary union

References Aghevli Bijan B., and others,...

V Global Effects of Changes in Exchange Rates of Program Countries

V Global Effects of Changes in Exchange Rates of Program Countries »

Source: The Global Effects of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Morris Goldstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934577

Keywords: export prices, exchange rate, world trade, world exports, total exports

Nowhere perhaps have “aggregation effects” been so long recognized and so much discussed as in the context of simultaneous exchange rate action by primary-producing countries. 47...

V Poverty and Social Safety Net Policies

V Poverty and Social Safety Net Policies »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

The Yemeni government traditionally offered few social insurance or welfare benefits, leaving the majority of the population to rely on informal safety nets within the family or within the triba...

VI. What Drives Uruguayan Sovereign Spreads? The Role of Global Factors and Regional Spillovers

VI. What Drives Uruguayan Sovereign Spreads? The Role of Global Factors and Regional Spillovers »

Source: Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization : The Case of Uruguay

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Marco Piñón-Farah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067271

Keywords: Dollarization, Banking sector, Exchange rate regimes, External sector, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal reforms, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, foreign currency

This chapter examines the determinants of Uruguayan sovereign spreads. In particular, it analyzes to what extent sovereign spreads have been driven by economic fundamentals or by external factors. It also as...

VII Implications of Recent Global Shocks

VII Implications of Recent Global Shocks »

Source: The Role of the Exchange Rate in Inflation-Targeting Emerging Economies : Targeting Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Anna Nordstrom , Scott Roger , Mark Stone , Seiichi Shimizu , Turgut Kisinbay , and Jorge Restrepo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589067967

Keywords: Developing countries, Central bank role, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, Inflation targeting, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy

This section discusses the implications of the two recent global shocks for the role of the exchange rate in inflation-targeting emerging economies. The inflation episode of 2007–08 and the global financial...