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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in export composition by trading partner strongly reflect the emergence of EMEs (Figure A4.1). As a consequence, those countries more strongly exposed to EMEs generally expe...

Better Integration into an Increasingly Globalized Economy

Better Integration into an Increasingly Globalized Economy »

Source: Integration and Growth in a Globalized World Economy

Series: Other Statistical Electronic Products

Author(s): Alassane Ouattara

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557758477

Keywords: regional integration, world economy, trade liberalization, globalization, global integration

I am honored to be here to share with you the IMF’s thoughts on the turbulent events of the past two years and what lies ahead. With growing signs that the worst of the financial crisis is over, we now have...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Chapter 2. Benefits of More Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America

Chapter 2. Benefits of More Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

After a period of endemic economic and financial crises during the 1980s to 1990s, many Latin American countries opened up their previously closed economies to international financial institutions at the tur...

Chapter 10. Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal

Chapter 10. Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal »

Source: Macrofinancial Linkages : Trends, Crises, and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , Simon Johnson , Jonathan Ostry , and Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2010

ISBN: 9781589069398

Keywords: financial integration, financial liberalization, corporate governance, financial globalization, banking crises

M. Ayhan Kose • Eswar Prasad • Kenneth Rogoff • Shang-Jin Wei 1 10.1. Introduction Few issues have stirred su...

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A highly disaggregated sectoral level approach is used to examine the impact of relative price changes on trade flows and structures. The impact of such macroeconomic policies is often analyzed at the level...

Chapter 4. Implications of Global Financial Integration for Monetary Policy in Latin America

Chapter 4. Implications of Global Financial Integration for Monetary Policy in Latin America »

Source: Challenges for Central Banking : Perspectives from Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): Luis I. Jacome H. , Yan Carriere-Swallow , Hamid Faruqee , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513591766

Keywords: central banking, Latin America, monetary independence, economic integration, term premium, monetary policy, forward guidance, macroprudential policies, monetary frameworks, reserve requirements

Financial asset markets around the world have grown increasingly interconnected, and many economies in Latin America have been no exception. This chapter assesses two aspects of monetary policy in the region...

Chapter 9. Reaping the Benefits of Financial Globalization

Chapter 9. Reaping the Benefits of Financial Globalization »

Source: Macrofinancial Linkages : Trends, Crises, and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , Simon Johnson , Jonathan Ostry , and Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2010

ISBN: 9781589069398

Keywords: financial integration, financial liberalization, corporate governance, financial globalization, banking crises

9.1. Introduction Financial globalization—defined as the extent to which countries are linked through cross-border financial holdings, and proxied in this chapter by the sum of count...

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A. The Diffusion of Key Players in Global Trade Emerging market economies have moved from peripheral players to major centers of global trade. Figure 2 shows the evolution of key pla...