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APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Source: Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...

Globalization and Corporate Taxation1

Globalization and Corporate Taxation1 »

Source: Globalization and Corporate Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2012/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Dennis Quinn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2012

ISBN: 9781557754752

Keywords: Corporate tax rates, Strategic behavior, taxation, tax policy, fiscal affairs, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

This paper analyzes the extent to which the degree of international economic integration, both financial and trade, affects corporate tax rates. It explores this issue in the context of strategic behavior by countr...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Fiscal Consolidation in Israel
			: A Global Fiscal Model Perspective

Fiscal Consolidation in Israel : A Global Fiscal Model Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2006/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natan Epstein , Selim Elekdag , and Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865134.001

ISBN: 9781451865134

Keywords: distortionary taxes, tax cuts, government deficit, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

Fiscal consolidation has become an important policy prescription for many emerging market countries (EMCs), particularly for the highly indebted ones. Although prudent fiscal policies tend to reduce vulnerabilities...

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates

Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates »

Volume/Issue: 2019/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Nghia-Piotr Le , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393178.001

ISBN: 9781484393178

Keywords: Gasoline prices, Consumer subsidies, Sustainable development, Energy prices, Fossil fuels, energy subsidies, efficient taxation, revenue, environment, deadweight loss

This paper updates estimates of fossil fuel subsidies, defined as fuel consumption times the gap between existing and efficient prices (i.e., prices warranted by supply costs, environmental costs, and revenue consi...

Globalization and Corporate Taxation

Globalization and Corporate Taxation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Dennis Quinn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754752.001

ISBN: 9781557754752

Keywords: Corporate tax rates, Strategic behavior, taxation, tax policy, fiscal affairs, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

This paper analyzes the extent to which the degree of international economic integration, both financial and trade, affects corporate tax rates. It explores this issue in the context of strategic behavior by countr...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513532196.001

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis
			: A Suggested Framework

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis : A Suggested Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2003/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shahabuddin Hossain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859935.001

ISBN: 9781451859935

Keywords: Poverty and social impact analysis, incidence analysis, computable general-equilibrium models, equivalent variation, effective taxes, linear expenditure system, value-added tax, expenditure, household groups, distributional impact

Following the adoption by the international community of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) approach, which provides the basis for concessional lending by the multilateral institutions, there has been a re...

Tax Reform and Debt Sustainability in Germany
			: An Assessment Using the Global Fiscal Model

Tax Reform and Debt Sustainability in Germany : An Assessment Using the Global Fiscal Model »

Volume/Issue: 2007/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dennis Botman , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866100.001

ISBN: 9781451866100

Keywords: Aging, Debt sustainability, Economic models, Fiscal policy, Germany, Tax reforms, Value added tax, VAT, tax reform, spillover effects

In 2005, the German government announced a far-reaching fiscal adjustment program. This paper uses the IMF's Global Fiscal Model to study its impact and explores options for addressing long-term pressures from popu...