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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

United Republic of Tanzania
			: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

United Republic of Tanzania : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2006/142

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451838473.002

ISBN: 9781451838473

Keywords: hiv, vulnerable groups, child labour, basic needs, pms

This paper on the United Republic of Tanzania's Poverty Reduction Strategy reports that increases in investments in infrastructure such as roads, telecommunications, mining, and tourism have been recorded owing to...

Catalyst for Change
			: Empowering Women and Tackling Income Inequality

Catalyst for Change : Empowering Women and Tackling Income Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2015/20

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Christian Gonzales , Sonali Jain-Chandra , Kalpana Kochhar , Monique Newiak , and Tlek Zeinullayev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513533384.006

ISBN: 9781513533384

Keywords: Income inequality, Women, Income distribution, Gender, Labor force participation, female labor force participation, gender equity, inequality, gender inequality, labor force

This study shows empirically that gender inequality and income inequality are strongly interlinked, even after controlling for standard drivers of income inequality. The study analyzes gender inequality by using an...

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion
			: New Mechanisms, New Evidence

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion : New Mechanisms, New Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Jorge Alvarez , Raphael Espinoza , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337127.006

ISBN: 9781484337127

Keywords: Labor force participation, Gender, Diversity, Gender Diversity; Female Labor Force Participation; Production Function; Structural Transformation

While progress has been made in increasing female labor force participation (FLFP) in the last 20 years, large gaps remain. The latest Fund research shows that improving gender diversity can result in larger econom...

Gone with the Headwinds
			: Global Productivity

Gone with the Headwinds : Global Productivity »

Volume/Issue: 2017/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gustavo Adler , Romain Duval , Davide Furceri , Sinem K?l?ç Çelik , Ksenia Koloskova , and Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589672.006

ISBN: 9781475589672

Keywords: Labor productivity, Total factor productivity, Economic growth, Financial crisis, Fiscal policy, Labor Productivity, Total factor Productivity, Growth

Productivity growth-the key driver of living standards-fell sharply following the global financial crisis and has remained sluggish since, adding to a slowdown already in train before. Building on new research, thi...

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union »

Volume/Issue: 2018/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tingyun Chen , Jean-Jacques Hallaert , Alexander Pitt , Haonan Qu , Maximilien Queyranne , Alaina Rhee , Anna Shabunina , Jérôme Vandenbussche , and Irene Yackovlev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484338445.006

ISBN: 9781484338445

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Labor market policy, Labor policy, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality, Inequality, Poverty, Europe, Redistribution

This SDN studies the evolution of inequality across age groups leading up to and since the global financial crisis, as well as implications for fiscal and labor policies. Europe's population is aging, child and you...

Do Labor Market Policies and Growth Fundamentals Matter for Income Inequality in Oecd Countries? Some Empirical Evidence

Do Labor Market Policies and Growth Fundamentals Matter for Income Inequality in Oecd Countries? Some Empirical Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Van Houdt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841862.001

ISBN: 9781451841862

Keywords: labor market, labor market policies, unemployment, employment, active labor

Income distribution may be related to fundamentals affecting economic growth and to labor market policies. Noting that inequality is affected by unemployment. This paper presents a model in which labor market polic...

Effects of Globalization on Labor's Share in National Income

Effects of Globalization on Labor's Share in National Income »

Volume/Issue: 2006/294

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anastasia Guscina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865547.001

ISBN: 9781451865547

Keywords: Labor&;amp;#x2019;s share, capital&;amp;#x2019;s share, labor protection, bargaining power, compensation share, employment share, Heckscher-Ohlin theorem, employment, employment protection, labor share

The past two decades have seen a decline in labor's share of national income in several industrial countries. This paper analyzes the role of three factors in explaining movements in labor's share--factor-biased te...

Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality

Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2015/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Maura Francese , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513549828.001

ISBN: 9781513549828

Keywords: inequality, distribution, factor income distribution, wage share, income, gini index, income inequality, labor income, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, General

This paper is motivated by two parallel trends: the declining labor share of income and increasing inequality. Micro and macroeconomic data, covering up to 93 countries between 1970 and 2013, are used to assess whe...

Global Aging and Fiscal Policy with International Labor Mobility
			: A Political Economy Perspective

Global Aging and Fiscal Policy with International Labor Mobility : A Political Economy Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2005/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mehmet Tosun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861594.001

ISBN: 9781451861594

Keywords: population aging, overlapping generations, endogenous fiscal policy, international labor mobility, international capital mobility, aging, labor mobility, social security, labor migration, Economic Growth of Open Economies

This paper uses an overlapping generations model with international labor mobility and a politically responsive fiscal policy to examine aging in developed and developing regions. Migrant workers change the politic...

Global Market Power and its Macroeconomic Implications

Global Market Power and its Macroeconomic Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2018/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Federico Diez , Daniel Leigh , and Suchanan Tambunlertchai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484361672.001

ISBN: 9781484361672

Keywords: Investment, Market power, markup, concentration, innovation, labor share, General

We estimate the evolution of markups of publicly traded firms in 74 economies from 1980-2016. In advanced economies, markups have increased by an average of 39 percent since 1980. The increase is broad-based across...