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Poverty Alleviation and Social Safety Net Schemes for Economies in Transition

Poverty Alleviation and Social Safety Net Schemes for Economies in Transition »

Volume/Issue: 1991/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gillian Paull

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451924107.001

ISBN: 9781451924107

Keywords: unemployment, unemployed, employment, job search, social insurance

Inspired by the current Polish economic restructuring program, this paper attempts to develop a general income support scheme that could serve as a model to alleviate poverty in developed economies in the transitio...

Redistribution Through Public Employment
			: The Case of Italy

Redistribution Through Public Employment : The Case of Italy »

Volume/Issue: 1999/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephan Danninger , Alberto Alesina , and Massimo Rostagno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858853.001

ISBN: 9781451858853

Keywords: Public Employment, Redistribution of Income, Public Policy and Economic Behavior of Agents, employment, unemployment, work experience, job search

This paper examines the regional distribution of public employment in Italy and documents two sets of facts. The first is the use of public employment as a subsidy from the North to the less wealthy South. We calcu...

South Africa
			: Labor Market Dynamics and Inequality

South Africa : Labor Market Dynamics and Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2016/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Siddharth Kothari , and Naresh Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498358934.001

ISBN: 9781498358934

Keywords: Unemployment, South Africa, Labor market transitions, Inequality

This paper analyzes the determinants of high unemployment in South Africa by studying labor market dynamics using individual level panel data from the Quarterly Labor Force Survey. While prior work experience and g...

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Source: Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504828

Keywords: Fiscal consolidation, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Income inequality, Income distribution, Taxation, Unemployment, tax

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy (2nd Edition)

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy (2nd Edition) »

Source: Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy (2nd Edition)

Volume/Issue: 2012/8R

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Francesca Bastagli , David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510850

Keywords: Taxation, Unemployment, Income distribution, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal consolidation, Government expenditures, Income inequality, fiscal policy, tax and expenditure policy

This note will describe recent trends in income inequality in both advanced and developing economies and how tax and expenditure policies have impacted on these trends. It will discuss how tax and expenditure polic...

Jobs, Jobs, Jobs: Education, migration, and redistribution are key elements of a long-term solution to global unemployment

Jobs, Jobs, Jobs: Education, migration, and redistribution are key elements of a long-term solution to global unemployment »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2015

Volume/Issue: 52/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2015

ISBN: 9781498351942

Keywords: Finance and Development, jobs, labor market, unemployment, finance, monetary fund

This chapter discusses the impact of global recession on the working population and looks at the future of work in the global economy from a variety of angles. IMF economist Prakash Loungani leads off with an overv...

Launching Export Accelerations in Latin America and the World1

Launching Export Accelerations in Latin America and the World1 »

Source: Launching Export Accelerations in Latin America and the World

Volume/Issue: 2017/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valerie Cerra , and Martha Tesfaye Woldemichael

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475585506

Keywords: Trade, Unemployment, export accelerations, growth, inequality, probit, synthetic control method, Latin America and the Caribbean; globalization, Latin America and the Caribbean, globalization

This paper investigates the determinants of sustained accelerations in goods and services exports. Strong predictors of export takeoffs include domestic and structural indicators such as lower macroeconomic uncerta...

Macroeconomic Consequences of Tariffs

Macroeconomic Consequences of Tariffs »

Source: Macroeconomic Consequences of Tariffs

Volume/Issue: 2019/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Swarnali Ahmed Hannan , Jonathan Ostry , and Andrew Rose

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484390061

Keywords: Productivity, Unemployment, Output, protection, inequality, exchange rate, trade balance, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

We study the macroeconomic consequences of tariffs. We estimate impulse response functions from local projections using a panel of annual data that spans 151 countries over 1963-2014. We find that tariff increases...

Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India

Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India »

Source: Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India

Volume/Issue: 2016/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Purva Khera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2016

ISBN: 9781475590784

Keywords: gender inequality, informality, DSGE model, Indian economy, Bayesian estimation, labor market, labor, workers, unemployment, labor force

This paper examines the macroeconomic interaction between informality and gender inequality in the labor market. A dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model is built to study the impact of gender-targeted polici...

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country »

Source: Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country

Volume/Issue: 2001/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451855050

Keywords: wage, unemployment, employment, unemployed, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses,

The coexistence of urban and rural poverty and migration to cities is studied in a dual economy model where the acquisition of skills is costly and involves migration to urban areas. In this model, both the distrib...