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Inequality, Leverage and Crises

Inequality, Leverage and Crises »

Source: Inequality, Leverage and Crises

Volume/Issue: 2010/268

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Ranciere , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455210756

Keywords: consumption inequality, distributional conflict, leverage, default risk, global solution methods, probability, calibration, survey, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving

The paper studies how high leverage and crises can arise as a result of changes in the income distribution. Empirically, the periods 1920-1929 and 1983-2008 both exhibited a large increase in the income share of th...

International Risk Sharing During the Globalization Era

International Risk Sharing During the Globalization Era »

Source: International Risk Sharing During the Globalization Era

Volume/Issue: 2009/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Akito Matsumoto , Robert Flood , and Nancy Marion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873566

Keywords: International risk sharing, incomplete market, risk sharing, emerging markets, private consumption, income growth, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Saving, Production, Employment

Though theory suggests financial globalization should improve international risk sharing, empirical support has been limited. We develop a simple welfare-based measure that captures how far countries are from the i...

Lucas vs. Lucas

Lucas vs. Lucas »

Source: Lucas vs. Lucas : On Inequality and Growth

Volume/Issue: 2007/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Carlos Cordoba , and Genevieve Verdier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865813

Keywords: Welfare costs, inequality, social welfare, country inequality, welfare function, welfare measures, Distribution, General Aggregative Models, Consumption, Saving

Lucas (2004) asserts that "Of the tendencies that are harmful to sound economics, the most seductive, and in my opinion the most poisonous, is to focus on questions of distribution... The potential for improving th...

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country »

Source: Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country

Volume/Issue: 2001/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451855050

Keywords: wage, unemployment, employment, unemployed, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses,

The coexistence of urban and rural poverty and migration to cities is studied in a dual economy model where the acquisition of skills is costly and involves migration to urban areas. In this model, both the distrib...

Part III: Achieving Sustainable Growth in a Globalized World

Part III: Achieving Sustainable Growth in a Globalized World »

Source: Jobs and Growth : Supporting the European Recovery: Supporting the European Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Martin Schindler , Helge Berger , Bas Bakker , and Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484304464

Keywords: labor market, employment, unemployment, regulations, labor productivity

...

Poverty Alleviation and Social Safety Net Schemes for Economies in Transition

Poverty Alleviation and Social Safety Net Schemes for Economies in Transition »

Source: Poverty Alleviation and Social Safety Net Schemes for Economies in Transition

Volume/Issue: 1991/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gillian Paull

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1991

ISBN: 9781451924107

Keywords: unemployment, unemployed, employment, job search, social insurance

Inspired by the current Polish economic restructuring program, this paper attempts to develop a general income support scheme that could serve as a model to alleviate poverty in developed economies in the transitio...

Poverty Reduction: Learning the Lessons of Experience

Poverty Reduction: Learning the Lessons of Experience »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1994

Volume/Issue: 31/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451952162

Keywords: employment, domestic production, skilled labor, labor demand, unemployment

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Redistribution Through Public Employment

Redistribution Through Public Employment »

Source: Redistribution Through Public Employment : The Case of Italy

Volume/Issue: 1999/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephan Danninger , Alberto Alesina , and Massimo Rostagno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

ISBN: 9781451858853

Keywords: Public Employment, Redistribution of Income, Public Policy and Economic Behavior of Agents, employment, unemployment, work experience, job search

This paper examines the regional distribution of public employment in Italy and documents two sets of facts. The first is the use of public employment as a subsidy from the North to the less wealthy South. We calcu...

Special Section: Global Reach? Perspectives on U.S. International Spillovers Introduction

Special Section: Global Reach? Perspectives on U.S. International Spillovers Introduction »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 2

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 June 2009

ISBN: 9781589067950

Keywords: labor productivity growth, employment, labor productivity, labor shares

China’s growth performance since the start of economic reforms in 1978 has been impressive, but the gains have not been distributed equally across provinces. We use a nonparametric approach to analyze the va...

5. Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies: Credit Markets and Sustainable Growth

5. Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies: Credit Markets and Sustainable Growth »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction The transformation of centrally planned economies (CPEs) into well-functioning market economies is likely to be lengthy and complex. During the transitio...