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Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504828.006

ISBN: 9781475504828

Keywords: Fiscal consolidation, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Income inequality, Income distribution, Taxation, Unemployment, tax

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy (2nd Edition)

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy (2nd Edition) »

Volume/Issue: 2012/8R

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Francesca Bastagli , David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510850.006

ISBN: 9781475510850

Keywords: Taxation, Unemployment, Income distribution, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal consolidation, Government expenditures, Income inequality, fiscal policy, tax and expenditure policy

This note will describe recent trends in income inequality in both advanced and developing economies and how tax and expenditure policies have impacted on these trends. It will discuss how tax and expenditure polic...

Albania
			: Income Distribution, Poverty, and Social Safety Nets in the Transition, 1991-1993

Albania : Income Distribution, Poverty, and Social Safety Nets in the Transition, 1991-1993 »

Volume/Issue: 1994/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854541.001

ISBN: 9781451854541

Keywords: social assistance, wage, benefits, unemployment, dependents

This paper examines developments in Albania’s income distribution and poverty during the transition to a market-oriented economy. It pays particular attention to the impact of price liberalization on the agr...

Did the Global Financial Crisis Break the U.S. Phillips Curve?

Did the Global Financial Crisis Break the U.S. Phillips Curve? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stefan Laseen , and Marzie Taheri Sanjani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498348645.001

ISBN: 9781498348645

Keywords: Phillips curve, Inflation, Unemployment, Financial Frictions, Conditional Forecast, Regime Switching and Bayesian Estimation.

Inflation dynamics, as well as its interaction with unemployment, have been puzzling since the Global Financial Crisis (GFC). In this empirical paper, we use multivariate, possibly time-varying, time-series models...

Do Labor Market Policies and Growth Fundamentals Matter for Income Inequality in Oecd Countries? Some Empirical Evidence

Do Labor Market Policies and Growth Fundamentals Matter for Income Inequality in Oecd Countries? Some Empirical Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Van Houdt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841862.001

ISBN: 9781451841862

Keywords: labor market, labor market policies, unemployment, employment, active labor

Income distribution may be related to fundamentals affecting economic growth and to labor market policies. Noting that inequality is affected by unemployment. This paper presents a model in which labor market polic...

How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality?

How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515960.001

ISBN: 9781513515960

Keywords: redistribution, market income inequality, labor market policies, fiscal policies, labor, unemployment, minimum wage, workers, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

This paper explores the impact of fiscal and labor market policies on efficiency, inequality, and fiscal outcomes in France. We extend the general equilibrium model calibrated for France by Alla and others (2015),...

Launching Export Accelerations in Latin America and the World

Launching Export Accelerations in Latin America and the World »

Volume/Issue: 2017/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valerie Cerra , and Martha Tesfaye Woldemichael

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475585506.001

ISBN: 9781475585506

Keywords: Trade, Unemployment, export accelerations, growth, inequality, probit, synthetic control method, Latin America and the Caribbean; globalization, Latin America and the Caribbean, globalization

This paper investigates the determinants of sustained accelerations in goods and services exports. Strong predictors of export takeoffs include domestic and structural indicators such as lower macroeconomic uncerta...

Macroeconomic Consequences of Tariffs

Macroeconomic Consequences of Tariffs »

Volume/Issue: 2019/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Swarnali Ahmed Hannan , Jonathan Ostry , and Andrew Rose

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484390061.001

ISBN: 9781484390061

Keywords: Productivity, Unemployment, Output, protection, inequality, exchange rate, trade balance, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

We study the macroeconomic consequences of tariffs. We estimate impulse response functions from local projections using a panel of annual data that spans 151 countries over 1963-2014. We find that tariff increases...

Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India

Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Purva Khera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475590784.001

ISBN: 9781475590784

Keywords: gender inequality, informality, DSGE model, Indian economy, Bayesian estimation, labor market, labor, workers, unemployment, labor force

This paper examines the macroeconomic interaction between informality and gender inequality in the labor market. A dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model is built to study the impact of gender-targeted polici...

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country »

Volume/Issue: 2001/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855050.001

ISBN: 9781451855050

Keywords: wage, unemployment, employment, unemployed, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses,

The coexistence of urban and rural poverty and migration to cities is studied in a dual economy model where the acquisition of skills is costly and involves migration to urban areas. In this model, both the distrib...