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Do Labor Market Policies and Growth Fundamentals Matter for Income Inequality in Oecd Countries? Some Empirical Evidence

Do Labor Market Policies and Growth Fundamentals Matter for Income Inequality in Oecd Countries? Some Empirical Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Van Houdt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841862.001

ISBN: 9781451841862

Keywords: labor market, labor market policies, unemployment, employment, active labor

Income distribution may be related to fundamentals affecting economic growth and to labor market policies. Noting that inequality is affected by unemployment. This paper presents a model in which labor market polic...

Effects of Globalization on Labor's Share in National Income

Effects of Globalization on Labor's Share in National Income »

Volume/Issue: 2006/294

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anastasia Guscina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865547.001

ISBN: 9781451865547

Keywords: Labor&;amp;#x2019;s share, capital&;amp;#x2019;s share, labor protection, bargaining power, compensation share, employment share, Heckscher-Ohlin theorem, employment, employment protection, labor share

The past two decades have seen a decline in labor's share of national income in several industrial countries. This paper analyzes the role of three factors in explaining movements in labor's share--factor-biased te...

Inequality, Leverage and Crises

Inequality, Leverage and Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2010/268

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Ranciere , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210756.001

ISBN: 9781455210756

Keywords: consumption inequality, distributional conflict, leverage, default risk, global solution methods, probability, calibration, survey, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving

The paper studies how high leverage and crises can arise as a result of changes in the income distribution. Empirically, the periods 1920-1929 and 1983-2008 both exhibited a large increase in the income share of th...

International Risk Sharing During the Globalization Era

International Risk Sharing During the Globalization Era »

Volume/Issue: 2009/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Akito Matsumoto , Robert Flood , and Nancy Marion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873566.001

ISBN: 9781451873566

Keywords: International risk sharing, incomplete market, risk sharing, emerging markets, private consumption, income growth, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Saving, Production, Employment

Though theory suggests financial globalization should improve international risk sharing, empirical support has been limited. We develop a simple welfare-based measure that captures how far countries are from the i...

Lucas vs. Lucas
			: On Inequality and Growth

Lucas vs. Lucas : On Inequality and Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2007/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Carlos Cordoba , and Genevieve Verdier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865813.001

ISBN: 9781451865813

Keywords: Welfare costs, inequality, social welfare, country inequality, welfare function, welfare measures, Distribution, General Aggregative Models, Consumption, Saving

Lucas (2004) asserts that "Of the tendencies that are harmful to sound economics, the most seductive, and in my opinion the most poisonous, is to focus on questions of distribution... The potential for improving th...

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country

Migration, Human Capital, and Poverty in a Dual-Economy Model of a Developing Country »

Volume/Issue: 2001/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855050.001

ISBN: 9781451855050

Keywords: wage, unemployment, employment, unemployed, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses,

The coexistence of urban and rural poverty and migration to cities is studied in a dual economy model where the acquisition of skills is costly and involves migration to urban areas. In this model, both the distrib...

Poverty Alleviation and Social Safety Net Schemes for Economies in Transition

Poverty Alleviation and Social Safety Net Schemes for Economies in Transition »

Volume/Issue: 1991/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gillian Paull

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451924107.001

ISBN: 9781451924107

Keywords: unemployment, unemployed, employment, job search, social insurance

Inspired by the current Polish economic restructuring program, this paper attempts to develop a general income support scheme that could serve as a model to alleviate poverty in developed economies in the transitio...

Redistribution Through Public Employment
			: The Case of Italy

Redistribution Through Public Employment : The Case of Italy »

Volume/Issue: 1999/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephan Danninger , Alberto Alesina , and Massimo Rostagno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858853.001

ISBN: 9781451858853

Keywords: Public Employment, Redistribution of Income, Public Policy and Economic Behavior of Agents, employment, unemployment, work experience, job search

This paper examines the regional distribution of public employment in Italy and documents two sets of facts. The first is the use of public employment as a subsidy from the North to the less wealthy South. We calcu...

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies

The Exposure to Routinization: Labor Market Implications for Developed and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2018/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitali Das , and Benjamin Hilgenstock

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484361900.001

ISBN: 9781484361900

Keywords: Labor markets, Globalization, Income distribution, Information technology, Employment, Developing countries, Wages, Labor force, Polarization, routine occupations

Evidence that the automation of routine tasks has contributed to the polarization of labor markets has been documented for many developed economies, but little is known about its incidence in developing economies....

Wage Inequality in the United Kingdom, 1975-99

Wage Inequality in the United Kingdom, 1975-99 »

Volume/Issue: 2002/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846225.001

ISBN: 9781451846225

Keywords: wage and earnings distribution, micro survey data, between- and within-group inequality, composition effects, wage, employment, total employment, structure of employment,

This paper provides evidence that cross-sectional wage inequality in the U.K. rose sharply in the 1980s, continued to rise moderately through the mid-1990s and has remained essentially unchanged since then. As in t...