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Regional Economic Outlook, April 2019, Sub-Saharan Africa

Recovery Amid Elevated Uncertainty

The economic recovery in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to continue, but at a slower pace than envisaged in October 2018.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Gone with the Headwinds
			: Global Productivity

Gone with the Headwinds : Global Productivity »

Volume/Issue: 2017/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gustavo Adler , Romain Duval , Davide Furceri , Sinem K?l?ç Çelik , Ksenia Koloskova , and Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589672.006

ISBN: 9781475589672

Keywords: Labor productivity, Total factor productivity, Economic growth, Financial crisis, Fiscal policy, Labor Productivity, Total factor Productivity, Growth

Productivity growth-the key driver of living standards-fell sharply following the global financial crisis and has remained sluggish since, adding to a slowdown already in train before. Building on new research, thi...

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2017/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Davide Furceri , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Bin Grace Li , Sandra Lizarazo Ruiz , Marina Mendes Tavares , Futoshi Narita , and Adrian Peralta-Alva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566222.006

ISBN: 9781475566222

Keywords: Economic growth, Economic indicators, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Financial sector, Agricultural sector, Low-income developing countries, Resource mobilization, Social indicators, Financial sector reform

Despite sustained economic growth and rapid poverty reductions, income inequality remains stubbornly high in many low-income developing countries. This pattern is a concern as high levels of inequality can impair t...

The Case for Global Fiscal Stimulus

The Case for Global Fiscal Stimulus »

Volume/Issue: 2009/03

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Douglas Laxton , Michael Kumhof , and Charles Freedman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455268368.004

ISBN: 9781455268368

Keywords: Financial sector, Financial crisis, Economic models, Central banks, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Spillovers, Stabilization measures, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

...

Accelerating And Sustaining Growth
			: Economic and Political Lessons

Accelerating And Sustaining Growth : Economic and Political Lessons »

Volume/Issue: 2012/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Virmani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505337.001

ISBN: 9781475505337

Keywords: High Growth Economies, Policy Reforms, Timing and Phasing., import liberalization, competitive pressure, external shocks, per capita income, per capita growth rate, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General

The paper reviews and draws lessons from the experience of fast growing economies including a sub-set of these termed High Growth Economies (HGEs) with a decadal rate of over 7 per cent. It then reviews the history...

Apocalypse then
			: The Evolution of the North Atlantic Economy and the Global Crisis

Apocalypse then : The Evolution of the North Atlantic Economy and the Global Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2011/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Trung Bui , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902308.001

ISBN: 9781463902308

Keywords: Financial linkages, financial regulation, banking, bonds, bond, banking systems, financial market, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

The financial crisis, originated from the collapse of US housing markets in 2008, reverberates around the world. Its destructive force was felt nowhere more keenly than Western Europe. Indeed, it continues to mire...

Do Credit Shocks Matter? A Global Perspective

Do Credit Shocks Matter? A Global Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2010/261

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Helbling , Ayhan Kose , Christopher Otrok , and Raju Huidrom

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209613.001

ISBN: 9781455209613

Keywords: credit spreads, macroeconomic fluctuations, global recession, recession, recessions, global recessions, financial markets, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Open Economy Macroeconomics

This paper examines the importance of credit market shocks in driving global business cycles over the period 1988:1-2009:4. We first estimate common components in various macroeconomic and financial variables of th...

Emerging Market Corporate Leverage and Global Financial Conditions

Emerging Market Corporate Leverage and Global Financial Conditions »

Volume/Issue: 2016/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adrian Alter , and Selim Elekdag

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560480.001

ISBN: 9781475560480

Keywords: Monetary policy, Corporate debt, United States, Emerging markets, Economic conditions, Corporate structure, Leverage, Global financial conditions, US monetary policy

Corporate debt in emerging markets has risen significantly in recent years amid accommodative global financial conditions. This paper studies the relationship of leverage growth in emerging market (EM) firms to U.S...

FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries
			: Global Drivers and Growth Implications

FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries : Global Drivers and Growth Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2010/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201150.001

ISBN: 9781455201150

Keywords: FDI, Business Cycle, Low-income Countries, host country, direct investment, bilateral trade, foreign direct investment, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Economic Growth of Open Economies, International Factor Movements And International Business,

What accounts for variations in FDI flows from advanced to developing countries? How have FDI inflows explained cross-country growth experiences? In this paper we tackle both these questions empirically for a large...

Financial Development and Inclusion in the Caribbean

Financial Development and Inclusion in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2018/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chuan Li , and Joyce Wong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484345306.001

ISBN: 9781484345306

Keywords: Caribbean, Financial systems, Jamaica, Latin America, Western Hemisphere, Financial inclusion, Financial Development, General, Government Policy and Regulation, General

Many Caribbean financial systems are relatively well developed for their size but benefits are concentrated in a small part of the population. In several large countries, the financial development levels are below...

Fiscal Consolidation in Israel
			: A Global Fiscal Model Perspective

Fiscal Consolidation in Israel : A Global Fiscal Model Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2006/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natan Epstein , Selim Elekdag , and Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865134.001

ISBN: 9781451865134

Keywords: distortionary taxes, tax cuts, government deficit, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

Fiscal consolidation has become an important policy prescription for many emerging market countries (EMCs), particularly for the highly indebted ones. Although prudent fiscal policies tend to reduce vulnerabilities...