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Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality
			: A Structural Framework for Policy

Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality : A Structural Framework for Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2015/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Yan Ji , Robert Townsend , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498381598.001

ISBN: 9781498381598

Keywords: Financial inclusion, inequality, hetergenous agents, income, credit, gdp, wealth, equilibrium, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Other

We develop a micro-founded general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents to identify pertinent constraints to financial inclusion. We evaluate quantitatively the policy impacts of relaxing each of these const...

Inequality, Leverage and Crises
			: The Case of Endogenous Default

Inequality, Leverage and Crises : The Case of Endogenous Default »

Volume/Issue: 2013/249

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Kumhof , Romain Ranciere , and Pablo Winant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484310762.001

ISBN: 9781484310762

Keywords: wealth inequality, debt leverage, wealth in utility, global solution methods, recession, crisis probability, Aggregate Factor Income Distribution, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, wealth inutility, global solution methods.,

The paper studies how high household leverage and crises can arise as a result of changes in the income distribution. Empirically, the periods 1920-1929 and 1983-2008 both exhibited a large increase in the income s...

Risk Taking and Interest Rates
			: Evidence from Decades in the Global Syndicated Loan Market

Risk Taking and Interest Rates : Evidence from Decades in the Global Syndicated Loan Market »

Volume/Issue: 2017/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Seung Lee , Lucy Qian Liu , and Viktors Stebunovs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475572377.001

ISBN: 9781475572377

Keywords: International financial markets, Regression analysis, Credit risk, Monetary policy, Loans, Interest rates on loans, United States, Spillovers, Syndicated loans, risk taking

We study how low interest rates in the United States affect risk taking in the market of crossborder leveraged corporate loans. To the extent that actions of the Federal Reserve affect U.S. interest rates, our anal...

Slowdown of Credit Flows in Jordan in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis
			: Supply or Demand Driven?

Slowdown of Credit Flows in Jordan in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis : Supply or Demand Driven? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209569.001

ISBN: 9781455209569

Keywords: credit crunch, equation, monetary policy, supply equation, monetary fund, probability, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper estimates a disequilibrium model of credit supply and demand to evaluate the relative role of these factors in the slowdown of credit flows in the Jordanian economy in the wake of the global financial cr...

Sovereign CDS Spreads in Europe
			: The Role of Global Risk Aversion, Economic Fundamentals, Liquidity, and Spillovers

Sovereign CDS Spreads in Europe : The Role of Global Risk Aversion, Economic Fundamentals, Liquidity, and Spillovers »

Volume/Issue: 2014/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Frigyes Heinz , and Yan Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393017.001

ISBN: 9781484393017

Keywords: CESEE countries, financial spillovers, CDS spreads, debt threshold, current account, public debt, current account balance, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Asset Pricing,

By analysing data from January 2007 to December 2012 in a panel GLS error correction framework we find that European countries' sovereign CDS spreads are largely driven by global investor sentiment, macroeconomic f...

Sovereign Spreads
			: Global Risk Aversion, Contagion or Fundamentals?

Sovereign Spreads : Global Risk Aversion, Contagion or Fundamentals? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miguel Segoviano Basurto , Carlos Caceres , and Vincenzo Guzzo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455200795.001

ISBN: 9781455200795

Keywords: Sovereign spreads, contagion, market price of risk, probability, bond, bonds, bond yields, probabilities, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data)

Over the past year, euro area sovereign spreads have exhibited an unprecedented degree of volatility. This paper explores how much of these large movements reflected shifts in (i) global risk aversion (ii) country-...

The Global Macroeconomic Costs of Raising Bank Capital Adequacy Requirements

The Global Macroeconomic Costs of Raising Bank Capital Adequacy Requirements »

Volume/Issue: 2012/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Vitek , and Scott Roger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463936457.001

ISBN: 9781463936457

Keywords: Basel III, inflation, monetary fund, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper examines the transitional macroeconomic costs of a synchronized global increase in bank capital adequacy requirements under Basel III, as well as a capital increase covering globally systemically importa...

The Quality Effect
			: Does Financial Liberalization Improve the Allocation of Capital?

The Quality Effect : Does Financial Liberalization Improve the Allocation of Capital? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdul Abiad , Nienke Oomes , and Kenichi Ueda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853636.001

ISBN: 9781451853636

Keywords: Tobin&;amp;#x2019;s Q, financial liberalization, allocative efficiency, inequality, stock market, financial deepening, stock market turnover, stock market capitalization, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

The study documents evidence of a "quality effect" of financial liberalization on allocative efficiency, which is measured by the dispersion in Tobin's Q across firms. Based on a simple model, the authors predict t...

The Redistributive Effects of Financial Deregulation

The Redistributive Effects of Financial Deregulation »

Volume/Issue: 2013/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anton Korinek , and Jonathan Kreamer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475546088.001

ISBN: 9781475546088

Keywords: Financial Regulation, Distributive Conflict, Rent Extraction, Growth of the Financial Sector, bankers, bank capital, bank equity, Aggregate Factor Income Distribution, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Government Policy and Regulation,

Financial regulation is often framed as a question of economic efficiency. This paper, by contrast, puts the distributive implications of financial regulation center stage. We develop a model in which the financial...

U.S. Monetary Shocks and Global Stock Prices

U.S. Monetary Shocks and Global Stock Prices »

Volume/Issue: 2010/278

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven , and Hui Tong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210855.001

ISBN: 9781455210855

Keywords: monetary transmission, financial constraints, asset allocation, financial dependence, stock prices, monetary shocks, stock market, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

This paper studies how U.S. monetary policy affects global stock prices. We find that global stock prices respond strongly to changes in U.S. interest rate policy, with stock prices increasing (decreasing) followin...