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Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504828.006

ISBN: 9781475504828

Keywords: Fiscal consolidation, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Income inequality, Income distribution, Taxation, Unemployment, tax

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy (2nd Edition)

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy (2nd Edition) »

Volume/Issue: 2012/8R

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Francesca Bastagli , David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510850.006

ISBN: 9781475510850

Keywords: Taxation, Unemployment, Income distribution, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal consolidation, Government expenditures, Income inequality, fiscal policy, tax and expenditure policy

This note will describe recent trends in income inequality in both advanced and developing economies and how tax and expenditure policies have impacted on these trends. It will discuss how tax and expenditure polic...

Inequality and Unsustainable Growth
			: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Inequality and Unsustainable Growth : Two Sides of the Same Coin? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Andrew Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463926564.006

ISBN: 9781463926564

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Economic growth, Emerging markets, Income distribution, Poverty reduction, sustainable growth, per capita income, external debt, external shocks

This note raises the IMF’s profile on a number of issues related to inequality, unemployment, governance, etc. It builds on earlier empirical work that examined correlations between growth downbreaks/duratio...

Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Andrew Berg

Publisher: International Organizations Research Journal

Publication Date: 08 April 2011

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616355302.006

ISBN: 9781616355302

Keywords: Income distribution, Developed countries, Developing countries, Economic growth, Emerging markets, Poverty reduction, sustainable growth, per capita income, external debt, external shocks

This note raises the IMF's profile on a number of issues related to inequality, unemployment, governance, etc. It builds on earlier empirical work that examined correlations between growth downbreaks/duration of gr...

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2017/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Davide Furceri , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Bin Grace Li , Sandra Lizarazo Ruiz , Marina Mendes Tavares , Futoshi Narita , and Adrian Peralta-Alva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566222.006

ISBN: 9781475566222

Keywords: Economic growth, Economic indicators, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Financial sector, Agricultural sector, Low-income developing countries, Resource mobilization, Social indicators, Financial sector reform

Despite sustained economic growth and rapid poverty reductions, income inequality remains stubbornly high in many low-income developing countries. This pattern is a concern as high levels of inequality can impair t...

Fiscal Implications of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis

Fiscal Implications of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2009/13

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462374755.004

ISBN: 9781462374755

Keywords: Asset management, Developed countries, Cross country analysis, Economic recession, Emerging markets, Financial risk, Financial sector, Financial crisis, Revenue measures, Public finance

This note reflects macroeconomic and fiscal forecasts presented with the April 2009 World Economic Outlook, as well as information on fiscal stimulus and financial and industrial sector support gathered through mid...

Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis

Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2009/10

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Shamsuddin Tareq , Andrew Berg , Victor Lledo , Antonio Spilimbergo , Rolando Ossowski , Irene Yackovlev , Norbert Funke , Alejandro Hajdenberg , and Martin Schindler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 May 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462335404.004

ISBN: 9781462335404

Keywords: Emerging markets, Financial crisis, Cross country analysis, Commodities, Commodity price fluctuations, Developing countries, Infrastructure, Government expenditures, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets

...

Dynamic Fuel Price Pass-Through
			: Evidence from a New Global Retail Fuel Price Database

Dynamic Fuel Price Pass-Through : Evidence from a New Global Retail Fuel Price Database »

Volume/Issue: 2016/254

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kangni Kpodar , and Chadi Abdallah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475563221.001

ISBN: 9781475563221

Keywords: Developed countries, Emerging markets, Europe, Gasoline prices, Fuels, Commodity price shocks, Price increases, Oil product prices, North Africa, Oil

This paper assesses the dynamic pass-through of crude oil price shocks to retail fuel prices using a novel database on monthly retail fuel prices for 162 countries. The impulse response functions suggest that on av...

Emissions and Growth: Trends and Cycles in a Globalized World

Emissions and Growth: Trends and Cycles in a Globalized World »

Volume/Issue: 2017/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gail Cohen , João Tovar Jalles , Prakash Loungani , and Ricardo Marto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484316702.001

ISBN: 9781484316702

Keywords: Environmental policy, Developing countries, Developed countries, Globalization, Greenhouse gas emissions, Gross domestic product, Cross-country analysis, Emissions, Environmental Okuns Law, Environmental Kuznets Curve

Recent discussions of the extent of decoupling between greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and real gross domestic product (GDP) provide mixed evidence and have generated much debate. We show that to get a clear picture...

Inequality in Good and Bad Times: A Cross-Country Approach

Inequality in Good and Bad Times: A Cross-Country Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2019/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Burcu Hacibedel , Pierre Mandon , Priscilla Muthoora , and Nathalie Pouokam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484392911.001

ISBN: 9781484392911

Keywords: Developing countries, Inequality, Growth, Mediation analysis, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, General

This paper provides evidence of a strong relationship between the short-term dynamics of growth and inequality in developing economies. We find that reductions in inequality during growth upswings are largely rever...