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Global Poverty Estimates
			: A Sensitivity Analysis

Global Poverty Estimates : A Sensitivity Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2011/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Camelia Minoiu , and Shatakshee Dhongde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463922009.001

ISBN: 9781463922009

Keywords: global poverty, household surveys, international poverty line, poverty line, surveys, statistics, Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions

Current estimates of global poverty vary substantially across studies. In this paper we undertake a novel sensitivity analysis to highlight the importance of methodological choices in estimating global poverty. We...

How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality?

How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515960.001

ISBN: 9781513515960

Keywords: redistribution, market income inequality, labor market policies, fiscal policies, labor, unemployment, minimum wage, workers, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

This paper explores the impact of fiscal and labor market policies on efficiency, inequality, and fiscal outcomes in France. We extend the general equilibrium model calibrated for France by Alla and others (2015),...

Inclusive Growth and the Incidence  of Fiscal Policy in Mauritius
			: Much Progress, But More Could be Done

Inclusive Growth and the Incidence of Fiscal Policy in Mauritius : Much Progress, But More Could be Done »

Volume/Issue: 2013/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio David , and Martin Petri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484323335.001

ISBN: 9781484323335

Keywords: Incidence of Public Expenditures, Incidence of Taxes, expenditures, expenditure, public expenditures, consumption expenditure, capital expenditures, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Incidence, General,

Using data from three household surveys, we review whether growth in Mauritius was inclusive and discuss the incidence of public expenditures and taxes. Generally, Mauritius enjoys an even income distribution and l...

Income Inequality, Fiscal Decentralization and Transfer Dependency

Income Inequality, Fiscal Decentralization and Transfer Dependency »

Volume/Issue: 2014/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Caroline-Antonia Goerl , and Mike Seiferling

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484354711.001

ISBN: 9781484354711

Keywords: transfer dependency, COFOG, decentralization, fiscal federalism, federalism, government expenditure, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Intergovernmental Relations,

Within the context of reigniting post crisis macroeconomic growth, income inequality has emerged as a topic of significant interest for both academics and policymakers (Bastagli, Coady, and Gupta, 2012) This study...

India
			: Defining and Explaining Inclusive Growth and Poverty Reduction

India : Defining and Explaining Inclusive Growth and Poverty Reduction »

Volume/Issue: 2014/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Volodymyr Tulin , and Naresh Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484354230.001

ISBN: 9781484354230

Keywords: state level growth, inequality, consumption growth, social mobility, social spending, Institutions and Growth, Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution,

We document the evolution of poverty and inequality across Indian states during the recent period of rapid growth (2004-09), and examine the role of growth and distribution in reducing poverty. Robust economic grow...

Inequality in Brazil: A Regional Perspective

Inequality in Brazil: A Regional Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2017/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Góes , and Izabela Karpowicz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484324776.001

ISBN: 9781484324776

Keywords: Income inequality, Government expenditures and education, Government expenditures and welfare programs, Western Hemisphere, Brazil, redistribution policies, Models with Panel Data, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Equity, Justice

In this study, we document the decline in income inequality and a convergence in consumption patterns in Brazilian states in a new database constructed from micro data from the national households' survey. We adjus...

Inequality in China - Trends, Drivers and Policy Remedies

Inequality in China - Trends, Drivers and Policy Remedies »

Volume/Issue: 2018/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Jain-Chandra , Niny Khor , Rui Mano , Johanna Schauer , Philippe Wingender , and Juzhong Zhuang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484357538.001

ISBN: 9781484357538

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, Fiscal policy, Income inequality, structural change, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, General

China has experienced rapid economic growth over the past two decades and is on the brink of eradicating poverty. However, income inequality increased sharply from the early 1980s and rendered China among the most...

Inflation and Income Inequality
			: Is Food Inflation Different?

Inflation and Income Inequality : Is Food Inflation Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Walsh , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504163.001

ISBN: 9781475504163

Keywords: core inflation, monetary fund, central bank, monetary policy, high inflation, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, Urban, Rural

There is an extensive literature noting that high inflation can add to income inequality, and a parallel literature assessing the effect of rising food prices on the poor. This paper attempts to combine these stran...

Inflation, Inequality, and Social Conflict

Inflation, Inequality, and Social Conflict »

Volume/Issue: 2006/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864182.001

ISBN: 9781451864182

Keywords: inflation tax, inflation tax rate, monetary fund, average inflation, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy,

This paper presents and then tests a political economy model to analyze the observed positive relationship between income inequality and inflation. The model's key features are unequal access to both inflation-hedg...

National Income and Its Distribution

National Income and Its Distribution »

Volume/Issue: 2014/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Bruckner , Era Dabla-Norris , and Mark Gradstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498347815.001

ISBN: 9781498347815

Keywords: inequality, growth, gini, gini coefficient, dependent variable, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Does the distribution of income within a country become more equal as it grows richer? This paper uses plausibly exogenous variations in trade-weighted world income and international oil price shocks as instruments...