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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1988

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1988 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451944716.011

ISBN: 9781451944716

Keywords: balance of payments, repurchases, current account, general resources account, exporting countries

The Annual Report to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during any given year. There are five chapters: (1) Overview, (2) Developments in the Global Economy and Financial Markets, (3)...

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in export composition by trading partner strongly reflect the emergence of EMEs (Figure A4.1). As a consequence, those countries more strongly exposed to EMEs generally expe...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach

Chapter 3. Global Trade and Relative Prices: A Sectoral Elasticities Approach »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A highly disaggregated sectoral level approach is used to examine the impact of relative price changes on trade flows and structures. The impact of such macroeconomic policies is often analyzed at the level...

Chapter 6. Government Failure and Poverty Reduction in the CEMAC

Chapter 6. Government Failure and Poverty Reduction in the CEMAC »

Source: Oil Wealth in Central Africa : Policies for Inclusive Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353766

Keywords: fiscal policy, per, public investment, expenditure, fiscal stance

The countries composing the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC) have some of the lowest social indicators in the world (Table 6.1). Although the Republic of Congo (hereafter “Congo”), E...

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A. The Diffusion of Key Players in Global Trade Emerging market economies have moved from peripheral players to major centers of global trade. Figure 2 shows the evolution of key pla...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352073.087

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Managing Global Growth Risks and Commodity Price Shocks
			: Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries:  Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries

Managing Global Growth Risks and Commodity Price Shocks : Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries: Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353773.087

ISBN: 9781616353773

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, Commodity prices, External shocks, Economic recovery, Price increases, Low-income developing countries, inflation, monetary policy, exchange rate

As part of its work to help low-income countries manage volatility, the IMF has developed an analytical framework for assessing vulnerabilities and emerging risks that arise from changes in the external environment...

II Energy Management as a Global Problem

II Energy Management as a Global Problem »

Source: Oil Exporters' Economic Development in an Interdependent World

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Amuzegar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 1983

ISBN: 9781557750785

Keywords: opec, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, oil exports, oil exporting countries

For the first time in postwar history, if not indeed the history of the modern world, energy management has become an overriding global economic, strategic, and political issue. Worldwide inflation, continue...