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Africa
			: Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization

Africa : Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758293.071

ISBN: 9781557758293

Keywords: banking, expenditure, trade liberalization, civil service, banking system

Sub-Saharan Africa needs much faster economic growth and more effective economic, financial, and social policies if it is to make up for lost ground and reduce the number of people living in abject poverty. Edited...

The ASEAN Way
			: Sustaining Growth and Stability

The ASEAN Way : Sustaining Growth and Stability »

Series: Books

Author(s): Ana Corbacho , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513558905.071

ISBN: 9781513558905

Keywords: Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), ASEAN, ASEAN-5

The first part of the book examines the evolution of monetary policy and prudential frameworks of the ASEAN­5, with particular focus on changes since the Asian financial crisis and the more recent period of unconve...

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484371015.087

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

Global Market Conditions and Systemic Risk

Global Market Conditions and Systemic Risk »

Volume/Issue: 2009/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Brenda Gonzalez-Hermosillo , and Heiko Hesse

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873771.001

ISBN: 9781451873771

Keywords: Global Financial Crises, Subprime Crisis, Volatility, Solvency, Markov-Switching, financial institutions, financial system, contagion, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

This paper examines several key global market conditions, such as a proxy for market uncertainty and measures of interbank funding stress, to assess financial volatility and the likelihood of crisis. Using Markov r...

Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia

Global Volatility and Forex Returns in East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2008/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjay Kalra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870664.001

ISBN: 9781451870664

Keywords: Forex returns, GARCH models, volatility, exchange rate, standard deviation, statistics, heteroscedasticity,

During 2001-07, increases in mature market volatility were associated with declines in forex returns for East Asian countries, consistent with an overall "flight to safety" effect. Estimates from GARCH models sugge...

Globalization of Financial Markets and Implications for Pacific Basin Developing Countries

Globalization of Financial Markets and Implications for Pacific Basin Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1991/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Goldsbrough , and Ranjit Teja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451978780.001

ISBN: 9781451978780

Keywords: capital mobility, financial intermediation, financial markets, capital flows

This paper analyzes the consequences of the growing interdependence of world financial markets for Pacific developing countries. Section I discusses trends in financial integration in the Pacific and the underlying...

Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality
			: A Structural Framework for Policy

Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality : A Structural Framework for Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2015/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Yan Ji , Robert Townsend , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498381598.001

ISBN: 9781498381598

Keywords: Financial inclusion, inequality, hetergenous agents, income, credit, gdp, wealth, equilibrium, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Other

We develop a micro-founded general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents to identify pertinent constraints to financial inclusion. We evaluate quantitatively the policy impacts of relaxing each of these const...

Infrastructure and Income Distribution in ASEAN-5
			: What are the Links?

Infrastructure and Income Distribution in ASEAN-5 : What are the Links? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dulani Seneviratne , and Yan Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068018.001

ISBN: 9781589068018

Keywords: ASEAN-5, GINI, gini index, income equality, Infrastructures, Asia including Middle East,

Adequate infrastructure has long been viewed as an important factor in economic development. Based on regressions covering 76 advanced and emerging market economies, this paper estimates the impact of infrastructur...

On the Solvency of Nations
			: Are Global Imbalances Consistent with Intertemporal Budget Constraints?

On the Solvency of Nations : Are Global Imbalances Consistent with Intertemporal Budget Constraints? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrique Mendoza , Marco Terrones , and Ceyhun Bora Durdu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963298.001

ISBN: 9781451963298

Keywords: external solvency, Poled Mean Group estimation, foreign assets, net foreign assets, equation, statistics, industrial countries, Open Economy Macroeconomics, General Outlook and Conditions,

Theory predicts that a nation's stochastic intertemporal budget constraint is satisfied if net exports (NX) and net foreign assets (NFA) satisfy an error-correction specification with a residual integrated of any f...

Poverty, Income Distribution, and Economic Policy in the Philippines

Poverty, Income Distribution, and Economic Policy in the Philippines »

Volume/Issue: 1998/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922196.001

ISBN: 9781451922196

Keywords: Poverty, Income Distribution, expenditure, distribution of income, government expenditure, income groups

Income distribution in the Philippines is highly uneven, and poverty rates are higher than in other ASEAN countries. In addition, although the poverty rate has declined over time, the rate of decline has been lower...