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Advancing Inclusive Growth in Cambodia

Advancing Inclusive Growth in Cambodia »

Volume/Issue: 2019/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Niels-Jakob Hansen , and Albe Gjonbalaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513510552.001

ISBN: 9781513510552

Keywords: National accounts, Tax revenue, Disposable income, Consumption, Employment, Inequality, Public Investment, Cambodia., WP, property taxation

We evaluate the impact of fiscal reforms on growth and inequality in Cambodia using a calibrated general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents (Peralta-Alva et al., 2018). Over the last two decades, Cambodia'...

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320450.001

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work?

Reallocating Public Spending to Reduce Income Inequality: Can It Work? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Djeneba Doumbia , and Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511863.001

ISBN: 9781513511863

Keywords: Economic policy, Financial crises, Expenditure efficiency, Unemployment, Education spending, Income inequality, public spending reallocation, institutions, WP, health spend

Can a government reduce income inequality by changing the composition of public spending while keeping the total level of expenditure fixed? Using newly assembled data on spending composition for 83 countries acros...

The Inflexible Structure of Global Supply Chains

The Inflexible Structure of Global Supply Chains »

Volume/Issue: 2019/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Jelle Barkema , and Diego Cerdeiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513510569.001

ISBN: 9781513510569

Keywords: Real effective exchange rates, Producer prices, Real exchange rates, Exchange rate policy, Commodity trade, Global supply chains, value-added trade, production and final-demand elasticities., WP, final demand

The rise of global supply chains has had profound effects on individual economies and the global trading system, thereby complicating standard macroeconomic analyses. For many of the new and challenging questions b...

Oil Prices and the Global Economy

Oil Prices and the Global Economy »

Volume/Issue: 2017/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Zoltan Jakab , Douglas Laxton , Akito Matsumoto , Armen Nurbekyan , Hou Wang , and Jiaxiong Yao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475572360.001

ISBN: 9781475572360

Keywords: Oil prices, Oil sector, Supply and demand, Oil production, Econometric models, Oil market; macroeconomic model; depletion; consumption efficiency; technology; cycle.

This paper presents a simple macroeconomic model of the oil market. The model incorporates features of oil supply such as depletion, endogenous oil exploration and extraction, as well as features of oil demand such...

The Global Banking Network: What is Behind the Increasing Regionalization Trend?

The Global Banking Network: What is Behind the Increasing Regionalization Trend? »

Volume/Issue: 2018/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , and Haonan Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484345177.001

ISBN: 9781484345177

Keywords: Cross-border banking, International financial markets, Econometric models, Globalization, Cross country analysis, Cross-border Lending, Banking Network, Financial Regionalization, International Lending and Debt Problems, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration

This paper analyses the nature of the increasing regionalization process in global banking. Despite the large decline in aggregate cross-border banking lending volumes, some parts of the global banking network are...

A Barrel of Oil or a Bottle of Wine
			: How Do Global Growth Dynamics Affect Commodity Prices?

A Barrel of Oil or a Bottle of Wine : How Do Global Growth Dynamics Affect Commodity Prices? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tahsin Saadi Sedik , and Serhan Cevik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211791.001

ISBN: 9781455211791

Keywords: Wine, Comovement, Global growth, Emerging economies, crude oil, oil demand, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: Other, Energy: Demand and Supply, Energy and the Macroeconomy,

This paper investigates the causes of extreme fluctuations in commodity prices from 1990 to 2010. Analyzing two very distinct commodities-crude oil and fine wine, we find that macroeconomic factors are the main det...

Did Export Diversification Soften the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis?

Did Export Diversification Soften the Impact of the Global Financial Crisis? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rafael Romeu , and Nelson Costa Neto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455254309.001

ISBN: 9781455254309

Keywords: global financial crisis, HS classification, empirical, exporter, export diversification, trading partner, bilateral trade, trading partners, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, International Finance: General,

This study considers the role of export diversification in determining trade outcomes during the global financial crisis. The impact of export diversification (or concentration) is measured by assessing three diffe...

A European Minimum Wage: Implications for Poverty and Macroeconomic Imbalances

A European Minimum Wage: Implications for Poverty and Macroeconomic Imbalances »

Volume/Issue: 2020/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , Christian Ebeke , La-Bhus Fah Jirasavetakul , Koralai Kirabaeva , Davide Malacrino , Florian Misch , Hyun Woo Park , and Yu Shi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513545073.001

ISBN: 9781513545073

Keywords: External sector, Cost of living, Wage policy, Labor costs, Labor markets, Minimum Wage, European Union, Poverty Alleviation, Current Account Rebalancing, Monetary Unions

A hypothetical European Minimum Wage (MW) set at 60 percent of each country's median wage would reduce in-work poverty but have limited effects on overall poverty, as many poor households do not earn a wage near MW...

A Global Perspectiveon External Positions

A Global Perspectiveon External Positions »

Volume/Issue: 2005/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861808.001

ISBN: 9781451861808

Keywords: external assets and liabilities, foreign assets, foreign asset, net foreign assets, net foreign asset,

This paper highlights the increased dispersion in net external positions in recent years, particularly among industrial countries. It provides a simple accounting framework that disentangles the factors driving the...