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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Back to Basics: Inequality: Now you see it, now you don’t

Back to Basics: Inequality: Now you see it, now you don’t »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2003

Volume/Issue: 40/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2003

ISBN: 9781451952414

Keywords: monetary fund, inflation, exchange rate, exchange rates

This paper highlights that the Washington Consensus helped fill the need for an economic policy framework following the discrediting of central planning and import-substitution trade strategies. Latin American gove...

Financial globalization poses new challenges for central banks

Financial globalization poses new challenges for central banks »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 31, Issue 19

Volume/Issue: 31/19

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451927344

Keywords: trading system, trade barriers, market access, world economy

Improving market access for developing countries is one of the most important steps that rich countries can take in fighting global poverty, according to the chief economists of the World Bank and the IMF. Both ins...

Interview with Surjit Bhalla: Growth, poverty, inequality—getting the facts right

Interview with Surjit Bhalla: Growth, poverty, inequality—getting the facts right »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 31, Issue 19

Volume/Issue: 31/19

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451927344

Keywords: trading system, trade barriers, market access, world economy

Improving market access for developing countries is one of the most important steps that rich countries can take in fighting global poverty, according to the chief economists of the World Bank and the IMF. Both ins...

Is global inequality rising?

Is global inequality rising? »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 31, Issue 19

Volume/Issue: 31/19

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451927344

Keywords: trading system, trade barriers, market access, world economy

Improving market access for developing countries is one of the most important steps that rich countries can take in fighting global poverty, according to the chief economists of the World Bank and the IMF. Both ins...

10 Poverty, Fairness, and the VAT

10 Poverty, Fairness, and the VAT »

Source: The Modern VAT

Series: Books

Author(s): Liam Ebrill , Michael Keen , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2001

ISBN: 9781589060265

Keywords: vat, tax administration, sales tax, taxation, tax system

It is a common fear when a VAT is introduced or extended that there will be an adverse impact on poverty, or on the distribution of real income more generally. Many of the central issues raised by such a con...