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APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

Central America
			: Global Integration and Regional Cooperation

Central America : Global Integration and Regional Cooperation »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064461.084

ISBN: 9781589064461

Keywords: Tax administration, Statistics, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, free trade, trade diversion

Central America has received growing attention as a region that is integrating successfully into the global economy. This paper examines-among other things-the macroeconomic and fiscal implications of the Free Trad...

Fiscal Implications of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis

Fiscal Implications of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068506.084

ISBN: 9781589068506

Keywords: Budgets, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Financial institutions, Public finance, Pension funds, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Fiscal stability, financial sector, deposit insurance

The economic and financial crisis is affecting the fiscal accounts of virtually every country. Public sector support for the financial system, fiscal stimulus and the automatic stabilizers, as well as the revenue d...

The Global Effects of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs

The Global Effects of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Morris Goldstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934577.084

ISBN: 9780939934577

Keywords: export prices, exchange rate, world trade, world exports, total exports

This is the second of a group of papers dealing with various aspects of Fund-supported adjustment Programs....

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

IV A Globally Consistent Conceptual Framework

IV A Globally Consistent Conceptual Framework »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessment : Extension of the Macroeconomic Balance Approach

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Isard , and Hamid Faruqee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 1998

ISBN: 9781557757319

Keywords: Exchange rates, current account, exchange rate, real exchange rate, current accounts

The conceptual framework described in Section II emphasizes the fact that the current account can be viewed from at least two different perspectives. On the one hand, the current account is the result of int...

IV. External and Domestic Performance: Progress Toward External Viability and Sustained Growth

IV. External and Domestic Performance: Progress Toward External Viability and Sustained Growth »

Source: Economic Adjustment in Low-Income Countries : Experience Under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): F. Rozwadowski , Siddharth Tiwari , David Robinson , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753366

Keywords: current account, export prices, export volume, external debt, terms of trade

The structural reforms and macroeconomic policies in ESAF-supported programs were intended to promote two fundamental objectives: to make significant progress toward external viability and to create conditio...

IV Global Effects of Changes in Imports in Program Countries

IV Global Effects of Changes in Imports in Program Countries »

Source: The Global Effects of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Morris Goldstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934577

Keywords: export prices, exchange rate, world trade, world exports, total exports

The broad characteristics of program countries that were reviewed in Section III are helpful as a indication of their potential to influence macroeconomic developments in the rest of the world. In order, how...

Part I: Mechanisms for Promoting Global Monetary Stability

Part I: Mechanisms for Promoting Global Monetary Stability »

Source: Policy Issues in the Evolving International Monetary System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Taylor , Peter Isard , Morris Goldstein , and Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1992

ISBN: 9781557752345

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, inflation, monetary fund, monetary union

References Aghevli Bijan B., and others,...

V Global Effects of Changes in Exchange Rates of Program Countries

V Global Effects of Changes in Exchange Rates of Program Countries »

Source: The Global Effects of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Morris Goldstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934577

Keywords: export prices, exchange rate, world trade, world exports, total exports

Nowhere perhaps have “aggregation effects” been so long recognized and so much discussed as in the context of simultaneous exchange rate action by primary-producing countries. 47...