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Africa
			: Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization

Africa : Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758293.071

ISBN: 9781557758293

Keywords: banking, expenditure, trade liberalization, civil service, banking system

Sub-Saharan Africa needs much faster economic growth and more effective economic, financial, and social policies if it is to make up for lost ground and reduce the number of people living in abject poverty. Edited...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Chapter 2. Sustaining Growth in the East African Community

Chapter 2. Sustaining Growth in the East African Community »

Source: The Quest for Regional Integration in the East African Community

Series: Books

Author(s): Paulo Drummond , S. Wajid , and Oral Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 January 2015

ISBN: 9781484364413

Keywords: exchange, exchange rate, monetary policy, growth, markets

The Growth Record In the midst of sub-Saharan Africa’s best decade of economic growth since at least the 1970s, the East African Community (EAC) is among the fastest-growing regions....

10 Poverty, Fairness, and the VAT

10 Poverty, Fairness, and the VAT »

Source: The Modern VAT

Series: Books

Author(s): Liam Ebrill , Michael Keen , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2001

ISBN: 9781589060265

Keywords: vat, tax administration, sales tax, taxation, tax system

It is a common fear when a VAT is introduced or extended that there will be an adverse impact on poverty, or on the distribution of real income more generally. Many of the central issues raised by such a con...